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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(5): 2645-2657
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.605.296


Denitrification Process as an Indicator of Soil Health
Praveen Solanki1*, Shiv Singh Meena2, Maitreyie Narayan1,Hina Khatoon1 and Lakshmi Tewari3
1Department of Environmental Science
2Department of Soil Science
3Department of Microbiology, Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology,Pantnagar (UK)-India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Soil health refers to the biological, chemical, and physical features of soil that are essential to long-term, sustainable agricultural productivity with minimal environmental impact. Thus, soil health provides an overall picture of soil functionality. Although it cannot be measured directly, soil health can be inferred by measuring specific soil properties (e.g. organic matter content) and by observing soil status (e.g. fertility). There is also increased interest in studying soil microorganisms in their particular environments, as microbial diversity and biomass are intimately related to soil structure and function. One of the key indicators for soil health is denitrification as it is completely done by soil microorganisms and enzymatic activity. The denitrification process, which reduces nitrate and nitrite to nitric oxide (NO), nitrous oxide (N2O), and dinitrogen (N2), is an important indicator of soil health and N-cycling transformation. It is the only pathway, except for the process of anaerobic ammonium oxidation (Anammox), by which reactive forms of nitrogen (Nr) in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems are transformed back into inert N2gas.


Keywords: Soil health, denitrification, nitrous oxide, methemo-Globinemia.
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How to cite this article:

Praveen Solanki, Shiv Singh Meena, Maitreyie Narayan, Hina Khatoon and Lakshmi Tewari. 2017. Denitrification Process as an Indicator of Soil Health.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(5): 2645-2657. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.605.296