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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(5): 2409-2418
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.605.269


Response of Castor (Ricinus communis L.) To Varying Weather Variables and Crop Geometry with Levels of Nitrogen under Rabi Season
Mukesh Kumar Man*, A.U. Amin, K.M. Choudhary and Annu Devi Gora
Department of Agronomy, C.P. College of Agriculture, S.D. Agricultural University, Sardarkrushinagar 385 506, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

A field experiment was conducted on loamy sand soil during rabi season of 2011-12 and 2012-13 to find out the response of three weather variables (15th September, 30th September and 15th October) and three crop geometry (150 cm x 60 cm, 120 cm x 60 cm and 90 cm x 60 cm) with two levels of nitrogen (80 kg and 120 kg ha-1) on growth, yield attributes and yield of castor (Ricinus communis L.). In general, growth and yield attributes decreased with delay in sowing from 15th September to 30th October. The growth characters viz., plant height, number of branches per plant and numbers of nodes up to primary spike as well as yield attributing parameters viz., length of primary spike, number of capsules per primary spike, number of effective spikes per plant, seed yield per primary spike and per plant as well as seed yield of first and second pickings were significantly higher under early sown crop i.e. 15th September than late sown crop i.e. 15th October. The growth parameters viz., plant height and number of nodes up to primary spikes was significantly higher under crop geometry 90 cm x 60 cm than 150 cm x 60 cm crop geometry. While, number of branches per plant was the significantly maximum under crop geometry at 150 cm x 60 cm.  Significantly the higher values of yield attributes were recorded under crop geometry of 150 cm x 60 cm as compared to crop geometry of 90 cm x 60 cm. Both the wider crop geometry i.e. 150 cm x 60 cm and 120 cm x 60 cm were at par and recorded significantly higher seed and stalk yields as well as productivity per day than crop geometry of 90 cm x 60 cm. Fertilizing the castor crop with 120 kg N ha-1 significantly increased growth and yield parameters as well as seed and stalk yields of castor than 80 kg N ha-1. Interaction effect between dates of sowing and crop geometry was significant and D1xG1 i.e. crop sown on 15th September at 150 cm x 60 cm crop geometry recorded the maximum number of branches per plant, number of effective spikes per plant, seed yield per plant, seed yield of first and second pickings.


Keywords: Castor, Dates of sowing, Crop geometry, Nitrogen
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How to cite this article:

Mukesh Kumar Man, A.U. Amin, K.M. Choudhary and Annu Devi Gora. 2017. Response of Castor (Ricinus communis L.) To Varying Weather Variables and Crop Geometry with Levels of Nitrogen under Rabi Season.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(5): 2409-2418. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.605.269