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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(5): 1883-1888
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.605.208


Phytochemical Screening and Evaluation of the Effects of Methanolic and Ethanolic Extracts of Jatropha curcas and Chlorophora excelsa on Candida albicans and Staphylococcus aureus
C.Mbakwem-Aniebo*, A.U. Osadebe and S.E. Obi
Department of Microbiology, University of Port Harcourt, P.M.B. 5323, Choba, Nigeria
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The 80% methanolic and ethanolic extracts of the dried leaves of Jatropha curcas were subjected to phytochemical and antimicrobial sensitivity screening. The phytochemical screening for the methanolic extract revealed the presence of alkaloids, tannins, saponins, flavonoids and cardiac glycosides while the ethanolic extract revealed the presence of alkaloids, tannins, saponins, flavonoids, anthraquninones and combined anthraquinones. The phytochemical screening of the methanolic extract of Chlorophora excelsa also revealed the presence of the above metabolites found in J. curcas excluding the cardiac glycosides whilst the phytochemical screening of the ethanolic extract revealed the presence of alkaloids, tannins, saponins and flavonoids. The antimicrobial activity of both leaf extracts were independently assessed using clinical isolates of Candida albicans and Staphylococcus aureus. The techniques used were the well-in-agar diffusion and agar dilution methods which showed that the leaves were active against Staphylococcus aureus but not against Candida albicans.


Keywords: Jatropha curcas, Chlorophora excelsa , Phytochemicals, Medicinal Plants, Candida albicans, Staphylococcus aureus
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How to cite this article:

Mbakwem-Aniebo, C., A.U. Osadebe and Obi, S.E. 2017. Phytochemical Screening and Evaluation of the Effects of Methanolic and Ethanolic Extracts of Jatropha curcas and Chlorophora excelsa on Candida albicans and Staphylococcus aureus.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(5): 1883-1888. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.605.208