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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(5): 1442-1448
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.605.158


Comparison of Different Diagnostic Methods of Bacterial Vaginosis – Amsel’s vs Neugent
Gomty Mahajan*, Amita Mahajan, Shashi Chopra and Kailash Chand
Department of Microbiology, Punjab Institute of Medical Sciences, Jalandhar, 144011, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Bacterial Vaginosis (BV) is the most common cause of vaginitis and is of special public health concern in India because of high burden of reproductive and pregnancy related morbidity. Early diagnosis and treatment might be useful in prevention of complications and can only be achieved by accurate, reproducible and inexpensive method. Although Nugent's criterion is considered as the gold standard in diagnosis of BV, routinely a combination of various methods is used for the diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis(BV). In the present study we compared Amsel’s composite clinical criteria with Nugent's method for the diagnosis of BV. The study was undertaken from March 2016 - December, 2016 at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Punjab. The study consisted of women with complaints of vaginal discharge. BV was diagnosed based on Amsel’s™ criteria and Neugent™ scoring. Nugent scoring system was considered the gold standard. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of Amsel’s™ criteria were compared with those of Nugent scoring system. The present study included 200 cases of abnormal vaginal discharge. Prevalence of BV was 34%. Age group 24-29 years was most affected. Amsel’s criteria detected 60/200 whereas Nugent score identified 68/200 subjects as having bacterial vaginosis. In comparison with Nugent’s criteria the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of Amsel’s criteria were 88%, 100%, 100% and 94.2%. With limited resources in developing countries like ours, there is a great need for inexpensive diagnostic methods for bacterial vaginosis. Amsel’s criteria is as good as Nugent’s scoring in diagnosis of BV and it is simple, easy, cost effective, fast and reliable, and can be done in OPD which can be used for precise and fast treatment.


Keywords: Bacterial vaginosis, Amsel’s criteria, Neugent scoring, Gynaecology clinics
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How to cite this article:

Gomty Mahajan, Amita Mahajan, Shashi Chopra and Kailash Chand. 2017. Comparison of Different Diagnostic Methods of Bacterial Vaginosis – Amsel’s vs Neugent.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(5): 1442-1448. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.605.158