Follow
International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020]For more details click here

Login as a Reviewer

Indexed in



National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

See Guidelines to Authors
Current Issues

Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(3): 485-494
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.503.057


Comparative analysis of phytochemical constituents and antibacterial activity of leaf, seed and root extract of Cajanus cajan (L.) Mill sp
R. Raveena Devi*, R.Premalatha and A.Saranya
Department of Microbiology and Biochemistry, Nadar Saraswathi College of Arts and Science,
Theni - 625 531, Tamil Nadu, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Herbal plants are known to be the excellent stimulators of immune system due to antioxidant properties of phytochemical constituent. In the recent consequence, phytochemistry and pharmacognosy are predominately focused areas of research about medicinal plants. The present study is the comparative analysis of phytochemical constituents and natural antibacterial potential of leaf, seed and root extract of Cajanus cajan with different solvent such as methanol, ethanol, acetone& aqueous. The phytochemical constituents are analyzed throughthe standard qualitative analysis and antibacterial potential valued against assured pathogenic species of gram positive and gram negative bacteria (E.coli, Pseudomonas sp, Klebsiella sp& Streptococcus sp, Bacillus sp) through agar well diffusion technique. From the result of the phytochemical analysis it is indicated the lack of anthraquinone in leaf and lack of reducing sugar, terpenoids, cardiac glycosides, anthraquinone in seed. All bioactive constituents are present in the root. Maximum activity was exhibited by ethanol extracts against E.coli and Pseudomonas sp and methanol extract against Streptococcus sp and Klebsiella sp was detected in all the herbal parts of Cajanus cajan tested.MIC value of leaf, seed& root was ranging between 0.380 and 0.409mgml for the pathogenic bacteria. It has been known that an MIC 0.380mgml was noted for ethanol leaf extracts and0.365mgml for methanol leaf extract against pathogenic bacteria respectively. The outcomes of this study support the trifoliate plant species Cajanus cajan had high amount of phytochemicals and antibacterial activity. So that extracts of Cajanus cajan used for the pharmacognosy for treat infections initiated by the respective pathogens.


Keywords: Cajanus cajan.L, Phytochemical constituents, Antibacterial activity,MIC
Download this article as Download

How to cite this article:

Raveena Devi, R., R.Premalatha and Saranya, A. 2016. Comparative analysis of phytochemical constituents and antibacterial activity of leaf, seed and root extract of Cajanus cajan (L.) Mill spInt.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(3): 485-494. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.503.057