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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(5): 739-746
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.605.083


Prevalence of Carriage of Methicillin Resistance Staphylococcus aureus among Health Care Workers in a Tertiary Care Center, Kanpur (U.P), India
Bhatiani Ambika1, Yadav Sony1, Pal Nidhi1* and Chandna Ashish2
1Department of Microbiology, Rama Medical College Hospital & research Center, Kanpur, India
2Department of Biochemistry, K.B.N.I.M.S, Gulbarga, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

MRSA is a problem within health care organization and in the community. The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of S. aureus in the anterior nares of health care workers of different occupation including attendants, sweepers, nurses, students, OT technicians and to analyse their antibiogram with reference to methicillin resistance. In this prospective study, total 100 nasal samples were collected from health care workers by using a sterile moistened swab. 20 nasal swabs were taken from each group. MRSA was identified according to CLSI guideline. Out of 100 nasal swabs, 39 yielded S. aureus and among these 15 were MRSA. According to their profession, most of the MRSA was isolated from sweepers (71.4%;5 out of 7) followed by nurses (60%; 2 out of 5), OT technician (37.5%; 3 out of 8), students ( 33.33%; 2 out of 6) and attendants(15.38%; 2 out of 13). MRSA was mostly isolated from 26-30 age group and male sweepers showed more carriage of MRSA than females. Vancomycin and Linezolid were found to be the most sensitive drugs against S. aureus. Pencillin and ampicillin showed 100% resistance and 66.66% and 73.33% resistance was seen for Erythromycin and Cotrimoxazole respectively. The presence of methicillin resistance may cause problems in implementation of hospital infection control programs. This study suggests the need for periodic screening of hospital personnel in order to monitor trends and take steps to treat carriers.


Keywords: Staphylococcus aureus, MRSA, health care workers.
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How to cite this article:

Bhatiani Ambika, Yadav Sony, Pal Nidhi and Chandna Ashish. 2017. Prevalence of Carriage of Methicillin Resistance Staphylococcus aureus among Health Care Workers in a Tertiary Care Center, Kanpur (U.P).Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(5): 739-746. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.605.083