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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(5): 694-712
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.605.079


Seasonal Variations in Water Quality Parameters of River Yamuna, India
Taskeena Hassan*, Saltanat Parveen, Bilal Nabi Bhat and Uzma Ahmad
Limnology Research Laboratory, Department of Zoology, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh (U.P) −202002, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The river Yamuna is one of the most important and sacred rivers of India. During the past few years, the massive pollution has affected its water quality resulting in a foul smelling drain. Seasonal assessment of river water quality would be helpful in evaluating the temporal variations in river pollutants. The present study reports the seasonal and spatial changes in water quality of river Yamuna, India. Surface water samples were collected from three different stretches of river Yamuna i.e. Delhi, Mathura and Agra on seasonal basis from April 2014 to February 2015 and were analyzed for different water quality parameters i.e. water temperature, pH, electrical conductivity, total dissolved solids, total alkalinity, biochemical oxygen demand, chemical oxygen demand, dissolved oxygen, nitrates and phosphates. The mean values of these parameters were used to assess the suitability of river water by comparing with World Health Organisation (WHO) and Indian standards (ISI) for domestic purpose and University of California Committee of Consultants (UCC) and Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) for irrigation purpose. The sample analysis reveals that river water is not fit for drinking with respect to EC, TDS, TA, BOD and COD, the concentrations of these parameters exceed the permissible limits of WHO and ISI standards whereas for irrigation almost all parameters were found within the permissible limits of UCC and BIS standards. The results suggest urgent need for proper management measures and suitable tools to restore the water quality of this river for a healthy and promising human society.


Keywords: River Yamuna; India; pollution; temporal; water quality; irrigation; parameters.
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How to cite this article:

Taskeena Hassan, Saltanat Parveen, Bilal Nabi Bhat and Uzma Ahmad. 2017. Seasonal Variations in Water Quality Parameters of River Yamuna, India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(5): 694-712. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.605.079