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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2022.11(1): 111-122
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2022.1101.014


Diversity of Soil Fungi from the Campus of Government Arts College, Nandanam, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
R. Sanmathi and P. Jayaraman*
Department of Botany, Government Arts College for Men (Autonomous), Nandanam,
 Chennai - 600 035, Tamil Nadu, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Soil is a major natural resource in the biosphere in which the fungi are the important component which role play in controlling various physiochemical and nutrient parameters that reflects environment. Therefore, the present investigation was planned to find out the fungal diversity in soil samples collected from the college campus of Government Arts College, Nandanam, Chennai-35, Tamil Nadu, India. Totally, 18 samples were collected randomly from 18 different locations of the college campus, 3 -15 cm depth of surface soils removed and collected sample to analyze the moisture content and the presence of fungi. The moisture content of the soil samples was determined by standard hot-air oven drying method and the analysis of fungi was carried out by standard serial dilution technique with Potato Dextrose Agar (PDA) as a nutrient medium. The results showed that the moisture content of soil samples varied from 10% to 28% with an average of 16%. Further, the analysis of fungi, it was observed that 20 species of fungi in which Aspergillus niger, A. terreus, A. flavus, A. glaucus, A. nidulans, A. fumigatus, Penicillium citrinum, Fusarium oxysporum, Cladosporium cladosporioides, Curvularia lunata, Helminthosprium sp., Trichoderma sp., and nonsporulating fungi were significantly present. Among the species of fungi enumerated in the study, in point of quantitative view, Aspergillus niger showed highest percentage occurrence in soil samples followed by A. terreus, A. flavus, Penicillium sp. and Fusarium sp. and the details were discussed. Based on the present analysis, indicates that the soil is the potent source for various fungi which are responsible for the effect of soil parameters and influence the ecosystem.


Keywords: Soil fungi, Moisture content, Aspergillus, Penicillium, Fusarium, Trichoderma, Serial dilution technique, soil ecosystem
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How to cite this article:

Sanmathi, R. and Jayaraman, P. 2022. Diversity of Soil Fungi from the Campus of Government Arts College, Nandanam, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 11(1): 111-122. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2022.1101.014