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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2021.10(4): 246-251
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2021.1004.024


Macro Level Changes in Livestock System of Tamil Nadu due to Climate Change
Oviya, V. Uma, N. Narmatha* and D. Anandha Prakash Singh
Department of Veterinary and Animal Husbandry Extension Education, Veterinary College and Research Institute, Namakkal, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Climate sensitive sectors such as agriculture and livestock are highly vulnerable to climate change than other systems. Livestock sector provides employment to 22.45 million, and also provides food, fuel, manure and draught power and is the stable source of income in the rainfed regions. Districts of Tamil Nadu classified into low, medium and high category based on livestock population and two median districts were selected. From selected districts taluks were selected and from each taluk 10 respondents were selected. Thus a total of 120 farmers constituted the respondents for study. Pre tested interview schedule was used to collect the information. Average age of the respondents was 55.43 years, with range of 47 to 80 years. 62.5% were male, 70.83% were in backward community and in nuclear family (60%). Livestock rearing was the primary occupation for 72.5%, average land holding was 4.5 acres which ranged from landless to 50 acres. Nearly half (42.5%) were marginal farmers followed by small farmers (35.83%). Cattle and goat population increased by 32.20% and 60% of the respondents increased; buffalo and sheep population decreased by 80% and 52.94%. Extensive system of rearing was reduced and shifted to semi-intensive (42% to 85.59%) and very few followed intensive system of rearing (up to 6.78%). Grazing at roadside/ ridges/ bunds and common property resources had increased to 35.83% and 32.5%.


Keywords: Climate change, system of rearing, grazing resources, livestock farmers, small farmers, marginal farmers
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How to cite this article:

Oviya, K., V. Uma, N. Narmatha and Anandha Prakash Singh, D. 2021. Macro Level Changes in Livestock System of Tamil Nadu due to Climate Change.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 10(4): 246-251. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2021.1004.024