Follow
International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020]For more details click here

Login as a Reviewer

Indexed in



National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

See Guidelines to Authors
Current Issues
Download Publication Certificate

Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2021.10(4): 136-149
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2021.1004.013


Fecal Sludge Management Technologies: Comparing the Opportunities and Challenges
Jheelam Sarkar and Rajarshi Banerjee*
Chadwick’s FSM Laboratory, Banka BioLoo Limited, 56. Nagarjuna Hills Road, Punjagutta, Hyderabad- 500082, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Fecal sludge (FS) and septage is an assimilation of excreted night soil and black water. Primarily being a human waste, FS constitutes enormous genera of microbes, opportunistic pathogens, and parasitic cysts. The World Bank data revealed it has a potent to cause about a lakh of diarrheal decease every annum in India within the age group of zero to five. With the catastrophic consequences, mismanagement of fecal sludge is undoubtedly a hazard to wholesome sanitation. Since all 28 states and 8 union territories of India have been declared open defecation free (ODF) on October 2019, presently the nation is keen to augment the individual components attributed to the sanitation value chain. Initiating from decanting to scientific management, and final disposal/reuse on each stage noteworthy contribution recorded either in terms of technical interventions or engaging stakeholders. As per the depository of the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA), presently 819 cities in the country are already compliant and certified under ODF+ protocol of which totally 312 cities are further accredited with ODF++ tag for ensuring zero discharge of untreated sludge. Hitherto, different ranges of conventional and mechanized treatments have been explored for pertinent handling and management of FS with same the primary agenda of eased solid-liquid separation. It is highly difficult to opt for a single mechanism that is ample to cater all the requisites and economic, rather the management of FS is more case specific. The review of several FS management technologies has ultimately aided in developing an affirmative understanding that geotextile-based technologies have genuinely an upper hand within limited capacities, while mechanization is a mandate for large-scale centralized management.


Keywords: Fecal Sludge, Sanitation Value Chain, Open Defecation, Treatment, Reuse
Download this article as Download

How to cite this article:

Jheelam Sarkar and Rajarshi Banerjee. 2021. Fecal Sludge Management Technologies: Comparing the Opportunities and Challenges.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 10(4): 136-149. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2021.1004.013