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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2021.10(4): 66-83
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2021.1004.008


Comparative Analysis of two Methylobacterium spp. for Mitigating Moisture Stress Induced by PEG in Early Growth Stages of Tomato
Anitha1, K. Kumutha1, C. Raja Manickam2, A. Kamaraj3 and M. Senthilkumar3*
1Department of Agricultural Microbiology, 2Department of Horticulture, Agricultural College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Madurai-625 104, India
3Department of Crop Management and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Eachangkottai-614902, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) is widely cultivated vegetable crop and processed throughout the world which is highly susceptible to moisture stress. In this study Methylobacterium spp. viz., M. aminovorans and M. thiocyanatum were used to increase the moisture stress tolerance. Artificial moisture stress was induced to tomato seeds using Polyethylene Glycol (PEG) with concentration ranged from 0 to -3bars.The results showed that highest growth parameters were exhibited in tomato seedlings treated with M.thiocyanatum, where it exhibited maximum germination percentage at 0 bar (42.7%), vigor index at 0 bar (170.8), shoot length at -3bar (2.7 cm),root and seedling length at -2 bar (4.1cm, 5.1cm) followed by M.aminovorans, which showed germination percentage of 40% at (-1.5 bar), vigor index of 131.2 at (-1 bar), root, shoot and seedling length of 2.9cm, 1.9cm, 4.8cm at (-3 bar) respectively. Compared to treated seeds, the un-inoculated control showed lowest germination percentage at 0 bar (17.2%), vigor index (48.3), root, shoot and seedling length (1.7cm, 1.1cm, 2.2cm). Root hair deformation was observed in both treated seedlings which are grown under aseptic condition. In which, M. aminovorans performed well when compared to M. thiocyanatum. The activity of antioxidant enzymes catalase (CAT), peroxidase (PER), proline, glycine betaine (GB) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) were enhanced by M. aminovorans at -1.5 bars & M. thiocyanatum at -2 bars which have the ability to protect the plant under moisture stress conditions. Thus, Methylobacterium has the ability to mitigate drought stress and increase the drought tolerance of tomato crop.


Keywords: Environmental stresses, CO2 reduction, day neutral plant, tomato
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How to cite this article:

Anitha, P., K. Kumutha, C. Raja Manickam, A. Kamaraj and Senthilkumar, M. 2021. Comparative Analysis of two Methylobacterium spp. for Mitigating Moisture Stress Induced by PEG in Early Growth Stages of Tomato.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 10(4): 66-83. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2021.1004.008