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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2016 - IJCMAS--ICV 2016: 92.3 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2017) [Effective from January 1, 2017]For more details click here
Indexed in



National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2017)
[Effective from January 1, 2017]
For more details click here

ICV 2016: 92.3
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2016 - IJCMAS--ICV 2016: 92.3
For more details click here
journals IJCMAS
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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2015: 85.95
NAAS RATING 2017: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(4): 2179-2186
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.604.255


A Probe into the Biphasic Nature of the Acetone Butanol Ethanol (ABE) Fermentation by Clostridium acetobutylicum ATCC 824
C. Vijayanand1, S. Kamaraj1, S. Sriramajayam1, S. Karthikeyan1, A. Surendrakumar2 and D. Ramesh1
1Department of Bioenergy, Agricultural Engineering College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, TamilNadu, India
2Agricultural Machinery Research Centre, Agricultural Engineering College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Butanol is a virtually promising bio fuel of our future imputing to its higher blending ratios in petrol and diesel without any retrofitting in IC engines. Biobutanol was produced from Acetone Butanol and Ethanol (ABE) fermentation of 5% ortho phosphoric acid pretreated paddy straw biomass using Clostridium acetobutylicum ATCC 824 strain. ABE fermentation was a zymolysis process of Clostridium bacteria, the anaerobic breakdown of sugars into alcohols in which the solvents formed were a result of two different phases of acidogenesis and solventogenesis. The optimal pH for maximal conversion of sugars into alcoholic compounds was 5.2-5.8.


Keywords: Paddy straw, Pretreatment, Acid Hydrolysis, Hydrolysate, Fermentation, Butanol.
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How to cite this article:

Vijayanand, C., S. Kamaraj, S. Sriramajayam, S. Karthikeyan, A. Surendrakumar and Ramesh, D. 2017. A Probe into the Biphasic Nature of the Acetonebutanolethanol (ABE) Fermentation by Clostridium acetobutylicum ATCC 824Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(4): 2179-2186. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.604.255