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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(3): 226-230
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.503.027


Seroprevalence of HAV among Male patients living with HBV at four private hospitals in Southwestern Nigeria
T.O. Idowu1,2* and O.B. Balogun2
1Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Inje University College of Medicine,Busan, South Korea
2Department of Biological sciences, College of Natural Science, Joseph Ayo Babalola University, Ikeji-Arakeji, Osun State, Nigeria
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

HAV and HBV are one of the major causes of acute viral hepatitis in human. These two viral infections however possess different routes of transmission. While HAV is transmitted via the faecal-oral route and is associated with poor hygiene practices, HBV is transmitted via contacts with infected body fluids. This study aims at determining the seroprevalence of HAV among male patients infected with HBV within four (4) private hospitals located at southwestern Nigeria for a period of 8 months. Co-infection rates were analyzed comparing the ages of patients. The ages of the HBV positive patients varied from 11 to 60 years. Sterile venous anti-coagulated blood were collected from a total of 120 donors, the serum was separated from the red blood cell and confirmed for HBV markers after which it was analyzed for HAV surface antigen. Among the 120 HBV positive samples, 12 individuals (10%) tested positive to hepatitis A, additionally the age group of most infected individuals fell within ages 11 to 20 years which tallied 6 (6%) reactors among 12 donors. This study emphasizes the monitoring of HAV co-infection among patients infected with HBV.


Keywords:  Hepatitis A Virus (HAV), Hepatitis B Virus (HBV), Seroprevalence, Co-infection.
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How to cite this article:

Idowu, T.O.  and Balogun, O.B. 2016. Seroprevalence of HAV among Male patients living with HBV at four private hospitals in Southwestern NigeriaInt.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(3): 226-230. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.503.027