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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(3): 206-211
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.503.025


Rotaviral Diarrhoea in Children Less than 5 years with Reference to their Vaccination Status in a Tertiary Care Hospital
Santhoshini Vaijinath*, S. Sangeetha, R. Prakash, and S.A. Lakshminarayana
Department of Microbiology, Rajarajeswari Medical College, Bengaluru 560074, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Rotavirus is a leading cause of infantile diarrhea worldwide & is responsible for approximately 20% of diarrhea associated deaths in children under 5 years of age. Around 20-50% of hospitalized cases of diarrhea are due to Rotavirus. Study was conducted from June 2014 to November 2014. A total of 191 stool samples were collected from infants & children less than 5 year of age with history of diarrhea. Rotavirus vaccination status was noted. Rota viral antigen in stool sample was detected using a Rotavirus stool antigen detection kit (SD – Bioline). Out of 191 stool samples tested, 78 (40.8%) was positive for Rotavirus antigen. In this study 134 (70.2% ) belonged to less than 2 years of age and 57 (29.8%) were between 2-5 years of age. Among 191 children, 100 were immunized against Rotavirus. Among the 91 unimmunized, 78 (85.7%) were found positive for Rotavirus antigen. The increase in occurrence of Rotavirus diarrhea in unimmunized as compared to immunized children shows the need for Rotavirus vaccination. Thus Rotavirus vaccination will contribute to significant reduction of Rotavirus diarrhoea in children less than 5 years of age.Widespread use of Rotavirus vaccines can prevent about 2 million deaths over the next decade.


Keywords: Rotavirus,Diarrhoea,Vaccination.
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How to cite this article:

Santhoshini Vaijinath, Sangeetha, S., Prakash, R. and Lakshminarayana, S.A. 2016. Rotaviral Diarrhoea in Children Less than 5 years with Reference to their Vaccination Status in a Tertiary Care Hospital.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(3): 206-211. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.503.025