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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(12): 2716-2721
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.912.322


Assessment of Seed Hardening Treatments on Seed Quality in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)
Kandula Uma Maheswari1*, J. Hemasruthi1, Arun Kumar Chaurasia1, P.Vineela1 and Y. Bharath Chandu2
1Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Naini Agricultural Institute, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Prayagraj, U. P., India
2State Institute for Management of Agriculture, Department of Agriculture, Government of Uttar Pradesh, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Germination and Seedling emergence are the important phases in plant life cycle. Exploring ways to achieve uniformity and synchrony of plant growth under stress conditions is important. This prompted to assess the potential of pre-sowing seed treatments in improving germination and early seedling growth of Chickpea. Thus, an investigation was carried out to examine the effect of seed hardening treatments on seed quality on Chickpea at Post Graduate Laboratory and Field Experimentation Centre of Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and sciences, Allahabad (U.P.). Seeds were hardened with different solutions viz., Control, distilled water, 2% CaCl2, 2% KH2Po4, 1% KNO3, 2%Kcl, 2% ZnSo4, 200ppm salicylic acid, 200 ppm GA3, 2% MgSo4, 5% Neem leaf extract, 5% tulsi leaf extract and 5% Aloevera leaf extract were taken and in their solutions seeds were hydrated for 12 hours and then dried back to their original moisture content. The results showed that seed hardening treatment of chickpea before sowing significantly increased the seed quality characteristics. The study revealed that seed hardened with 2% CaCl2 (T2) showed better performance in maximum seed quality parameters such as Germination percentage, Speed of germination, Coefficient of velocity of germination, Germination index, Shoot length, Root length, Seedling length, Seedling fresh weight, Seedling dry weight, Seedling vigour index and low Mean germination time followed by KNO3 @ 1% and 5% Neem leaf extract when compared to other treatments and control on the basis of lab studies. However, Neem leaf extract and KNO3 is at par with CaCl2. Hence, seed hardening can be adopted as a regular practice to boost the yield of rainfed crops. It also helped to improve the seedling character and growth with the help of seed Hardening treatments which are cost effective, economic, non-toxic and from eco-friendly sources.


Keywords: Chickpea, Seed hardening, Treatments, CRD, Seed quality
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How to cite this article:

Kandula Uma Maheswari, J. Hemasruthi, Arun Kumar Chaurasia, P. Vineela and Bharath Chandu, Y. 2020. Assessment of Seed Hardening Treatments on Seed Quality in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.).Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(12): 2716-2721. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.912.322