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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2017)
[Effective from January 1, 2017]
For more details click here

ICV 2016: 92.3
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2016 - IJCMAS--ICV 2016: 92.3
For more details click here
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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
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Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(4): 1400-1411
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.604.171


Enhancing Yield and Water Productivity of Wheat (Triticum aestivum) Through Sowing Methods and Irrigation Schedules under Light Textured Soil of Western Uttar Pradesh, India
Vikrant Singh1*, R.K. Naresh1, Ravindra Kumar2, Adesh Singh1, U. P. Shahi3, Vivak Kumar4 and N.S. Rana1
1Department of Agronomy, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology, Meerut-250110, U.P., India
2Department of Cell Biology, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology, Meerut-250110, U.P., India
3Department of Soil Science, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology, Meerut-250110, U.P., India
4Department of Agricultural Engineering, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology, Meerut-250110, U.P., India Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology, Meerut-250110, U.P., India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

A field experiment was conducted at Crop Research Centre of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture &Technology, Meerut (U.P.) during Rabi season of 2014-15 and 2015-16. To evaluate the effect of different tillage practices and irrigation scheduling in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under light textured soil of western Uttar Pradesh. Five tillage crop establishment methods, viz. zero tillage (ZT)-T1, reduced tillage (RT)-T2, rotavator tillage (ROT)-T3, furrow irrigated raised bed tillage (FIRB)-T4, conventional tillage (ZT)-T5, were kept in main plots and five irrigation scheduling viz. Irrigation at CRI- I1, CRI+50 mm CPE- I2, CRI+100 mm CPE- I3, CRI+150 mm CPE- I4 and CRI+200 mm CPE- I5 were allotted to sub-plots in a split-plot design and replicated thrice. The result showed that productive tiller’s m-2, number of grain spike-1 and test weight were significantly higher with wheat sown on wide raised beds than all other tillage practices except zero tillage plots. Similarly furrow irrigated raised beds increased the mean grain yield of wheat significantly over rest of the plots and grain yield increased by and 38.4% over I1 and 6.4 % over I4 irrigation schedule. Treatments under zero tillage (T1) had about 3.4% higher average soil bulk density than T4 plots and T4 FIRB also recorded highest infiltration rate; reduced tillage, and FIRB recorded significantly lower soil penetration resistance as compared to zero and rotavator tillage treatments. The maximum gross income was significantly higher in wide raised beds plots. Similarly the highest mean net profit (Rs 45906 ha-1) with mean B: C ratio of 1.55 was recorded with the application of irrigations at CRI+100mm CPE in wheat crop. The results suggest that ZT with irrigations at CRI+100mm CPE and FIRB irrigations at CRI+50mm CPE were optimum and sustainable strategy to achieve higher yield and also to improve water productivity and profitability on light textured soil of western Uttar Pradesh.


Keywords: Wheat, Tillage systems, Irrigation levels, Growth, Productivity, Profitability.
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How to cite this article:

Vikrant Singh, R.K. Naresh, Ravindra Kumar, Adesh Singh, U. P. Shahi, Vivak Kumar and Rana, N.S. 2017. Enhancing Yield and Water Productivity of Wheat (Triticum aestivum) Through Sowing Methods and Irrigation Schedules under Light Textured Soil of Western Uttar Pradesh.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(4): 1400-1411. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.604.171