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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(12): 2143-2150
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.912.252


An Insight into the Institutional Structure and Legal Framework to Implement the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit Sharing (ABS)
M. Sangeetha1*, M. Gaddi Gangappa1 and Ramachandra Bhatta2
1Dept. of Agricultural Economics, University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore, India
2Former ICAR Emeritus Scientist, Mangalore, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Biodiversity is the variability of all life forms including the flora and fauna species, which provide potential human benefits. Genetic resources and species are unevenly distributed over the planet. Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization to the Convention on Biological Diversity was adopted on 29 October 2010, in Nagoya, Japan and came into force from 12 October 2014. The present investigation on comparative study of institutional structure and legal framework of four selected countries viz. India, Mexico, Peru and South Africa possessing rich biodiversity and representing four continents was based on secondary data compiled from Nagoya Protocol and National Authority websites. The analysis of the reports of the sample countries revealed compliance with the obligations of the Nagoya Protocol by designating the National Focal Point (NFP) and Competent National Authority (CAN). Among the countries, India and South Africa have one CNA each, while Mexico (6) and Peru (4) with designated departments to provide more focused and better management of access and benefit sharing of the resources. India is the leading country with 1006 Internationally Recognized Certificate of Compliance with distantly followed South Africa with only 32 IRCCs. All sample countries have the unitary type of administrative set up to implement the protocol except India which has three tier structure with BMCs, State Biodiversity Board and National Biodiversity Authority. The parties under study have made use of their existing legislative provisions with amendments to implement the Nagoya protocol.


Keywords: Nagoya protocol, Access and benefit sharing, Bio-resources
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How to cite this article:

Sangeetha, M., M. Gaddi Gangappa and Ramachandra Bhatta. 2020. An Insight into the Institutional Structure and Legal Framework to Implement the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit Sharing (ABS).Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(12): 2143-2150. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.912.252