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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(12): 718-721
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.912.086


One Health Approach in Investigation of Human Brucellosis: A Case Report and its Investigation
A. Sundar1*, S. Rajagunalan1, S. Malmarugan1, R. Sangameswaran2 and D.K. Sinha3
1Department of Veterinary Public Health and Epidemiology,
2Department of Veterinary and Animal Husbandry Extension, Veterinary College and Research Institute, Tirunelveli, TANUVAS, India
3Division of Epidemiology, IVRI, Izatnagar, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Brucellosis is an important zoonotic disease, affecting high-risk occupational groups who are in close contact with animals. This report describes a young field veterinarian who suffered from high fever, night sweat, chills, myalgia, tremors, and distinct cervical lymphadenopathy. The laboratory test for tuberculosis and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection revealed negative. The individual was suspected of brucellosis due to his occupational thrust and endemicity of brucellosis in this region and tested positive by Rose Bengal Precipitation Test (RBPT) and Standard Agglutination Test (SAT). He was treated with doxycycline and rifampicin for 6 weeks and resolved from infection after treatment. Human brucellosis is the tip of the iceberg for animal brucellosis and to identify the source of infection, one health strategy was applied and identified the sheep which he was treating for dystocia as a source of infection. Further investigation revealed a higher prevalence of 21.42% among small ruminants in his working region by serological tests viz. RBPT, SAT, and I-ELISA. By this case report and investigation, we emphasize, Human brucellosis along with the high prevalence of animal brucellosis warrants an integrated approach in the prevention and control of brucellosis.


Keywords: One health approach, Human brucellosis, Cervical lymphadenopathy, Occupational risk
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How to cite this article:

Sundar, A., S. Rajagunalan, S. Malmarugan, R. Sangameswaran and Sinha, D.K. 2020. One Health Approach in Investigation of Human Brucellosis: A Case Report and its Investigation.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(12): 718-721. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.912.086