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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(12): 387-397
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.912.049


Assessment of Nutritional Composition in Prominent Cajanus cajan Germplasm in India
Kuldeep V. Jawalekar1,2, S. Baishya1, S. Rathi1, Komal Gade2, Mayuri Jagtap2, Dinesh M. Ithape2 and Kiran P. Bhagat2*
1Department of Biochemistry and Agricultural Chemistry, Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat, India
2ICAR- Directorate of Onion and Garlic Research, Rajgurunagar, Pune, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Plant protein plays significant role in the world protein demand. It provides nearly 65% of the world human protein requirements. Pigeon pea, Cajanus cajan, [(L.) Millspaugh], a perennial legume, is a major grain legume crop ranked sixth in area and production globally. Pigeon pea is an adequate source of starch, protein, crude fiber, fat, trace elements, and minerals in human diets used in dhal and as a green vegetable. Nutritional composition is the most essential prerequisite for any successful crop improvement programme and this necessitates the analysis of pigeon pea germplasm from Assam Agricultural University (AAU) seed bank. In the present study, 10 pigeon pea germplasm were evaluated for their biochemical composition to check any genetic variation amongst them. Moisture content was in the range of 71.31- 132.53 (mg/g), crude fibre 53.28-103.25 (mg/g), ash 35.08 - 40.33 (mg/g) and crude fat 11.75 – 23.10 (mg/g), crude protein 23.37- 26.82 % and nitrogen free extract (NEF) were found in the range of, 54.46 – 64.70% on dry weight basis respectively in the ten pigeon pea germplasm under study. Pigeon pea is a good protein source that poses a great potential in northeast parts of Indian foods products as well as for promotion the functional property in different food. Further, the two way cluster dendrogram and principal component analysis showed the influence of these biochemical parameters on nutritional composition in studied Cajanus cajan germplam.


Keywords: Cajanus cajan, Moisture, Ash, Crude Protein, Crude Fat, Crude Fibre, Nitrogen Free Extract
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How to cite this article:

Kuldeep V. Jawalekar, S. Baishya, S. Rathi, Komal Gade, Mayuri Jagtap, Dinesh M. Ithape and Kiran P. Bhagat. 2020. Assessment of Nutritional Composition in Prominent Cajanus cajan Germplasm in India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(12): 387-397. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.912.049