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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2016 - IJCMAS--ICV 2016: 92.3 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2017) [Effective from January 1, 2017]For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2017)
[Effective from January 1, 2017]
For more details click here

ICV 2016: 92.3
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2016 - IJCMAS--ICV 2016: 92.3
For more details click here
journals IJCMAS
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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2015: 85.95
NAAS RATING 2017: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(4): 1066-1072
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.604.132


Potential Antibacterial Activity of Hibiscus rosasinensis Linn Flowers Extracts
Eman A. Sobhy1, Khadiga G. Abd Elaleem1,2* and Hagir G. Abd Elaleem3
1Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Art, Alkhafji HafrElbatin University,
Saudi Arabia
2Department of Biology and Biotechnology, AL Neelain University / Faculty of Science and Technology, Khartoum/ Sudan
3Department of Physics, Faculty of Art and Science, Al-Aardha, JazanUneversity,Box.114, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Hibiscus rosasinensis is member of the family Malvaceae, grow as green herbaceous plant in tropical regions. It is a tropical shrub, with large, glossy green leaves and spectacular trumpet shaped flowers. Its medicinal values have been mentioned in traditional folk medicines for variety of diseases. The objective of this study is to determine the phytochemical constituent using different solvent and to study the antibacterial effect of methanol extract at different concentration against three bacteria. Phytochemical screening of H. rosasinensis flower by four extraction solvents are carried out and antibacterial activity of three concentration of methanol extracts were screened against some bacteria such as Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus. Methanol extract of hibiscus exhibits highest extraction yield value, followed by Ethanol, water and Ethyl acetate respectively. The phytochemical screening exhibited the presence of different component like Alkaloids, Glycosides, Carbohydrates, Phytosterols, Phenolic compound, Tannins, Saponins, Flavonoids, Proteins and Aminoacids. Methanol extracts at high concentration were exhibited maximum antibacterial potentiality of H. rosasinensis flower against Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus respectively. The phytochemical analysis of Hibiscus rosasinensis flower extracts reported the present of different medicinal valuable constituents includes Alkaloids, Glycosides, Carbohydrates, Phytosterols, Phenolic compound, Tannins, Saponins, Flavonoids, and Proteins and Aminoacids. Our findings prove that, the flower of H. rosa-sinensis plants have medicinal antibacterial activities and can use against bacteria under study. Methanol extract obtained highest yield and antibacterial activity at high concentration, so it could be subjected to isolate different active medicinal valuable compound of H. rosasinensis L. The present findings suggest that methanol is a good solvent for extracting antibacterial agents. Further studies are needed to investigate individual phytochemical compound of the flower of Hibiscus rosasinensis. The flower extract of H. rosasinensis L. can be considered to be as equally potent as the most of effective artificial antibiotics.


Keywords: Hibiscus rosasinensis, Pathogenic bacteria extracts, Sensitivity test Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus Escherichia coli, Antibiotics.
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How to cite this article:

Eman. A. Sobhy, Khadiga G. Abd Elaleem and Hagir G. Abd Elaleem. 2017. Potential Antibacterial Activity of Hibiscus rosasinensis Linn Flowers Extracts.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(4): 1066-1072. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.604.132