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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(10): 3800-3810
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.910.437


Newcastle Disease and their Pathology in Fowls Affected with Genotype XIII and Pigeons with Genotype II
Mehroon Chowdhary1*, Nawab Nashiruddullah1, Riya Abrol1, Shilpa Sood1, Shafiqur Rahman1, Jafrin Ara Ahmed2 and Rafia Maqbool3
1Division of Veterinary Pathology, 2Division of Veterinary Physiology and Biochemistry, 3Division of Veterinary Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences & Animal Husbandry, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences & Technology-Jammu, Ranbir Singh Pura-181102, Jammu & Kashmir, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Chickens affected with Newcastle disease virus (NDV) genotype XIII and pigeons affected with genotype II were characterized for virulence and found to be velogenic and lentogenic respectively, based on protein translation of Fusion protein (F) gene and by Mean death time (MDT) and Intracerebral Pathogenicity Index (ICPI). Clinically, respiratory and/or enteric manifestations were exhibited by the chickens, whereas pigeons showed predominantly neurological signs. It was therefore pertinent to describe the salient pathological features or differences during spontaneous infections in the respective hosts. Disease was suspected in two flocks of backyard fowl (Gallus gallus domesticus) showing 100% morbidity and 86% mortality; and in six flocks of domesticated pigeons (Columba livia domestica) exhibiting 21.68% morbidity and 14.16% mortality in a study from August 2017 to July 2018. Gross lesions and microscopic lesions were typical for those described for ND, but viscerotropic lesions were prominent in fowls, while neurotropic lesions were more vivid in pigeons. Gross lesions were suggestive of vascular injury with haemorrhagic tracheitis, enteritis and sometimes petechiae observed in other organs. No prominent gross lesions were observed in the nervous tissue except in some birds showing congestion of meninges. Histologically, haemorrhages, mononuclear infiltration and lymphoid depletion were common. Lesions in nervous tissue were more pronounced in pigeons and represented focal gliosis, loss of Nissl substances and neuronal degeneration, satellitosis and neuronophagia. There was focal gliosis of the nerve tracts in the cerebellum indicating demyelination of nerve tracts. Consistent presence perivascular oedema, endothelial hypertrophy, necrosis and medial hyalinization were noteworthy. In some cases, vacuolation was observed in Purkinjee cells together with presence of intracytoplasmic inclusions. It is speculated that the relatively less pathogenic pigeon strain has sufficient time to generate an overt neurological lesion than the virulent fowl strain. The present findings highlight the salient differences in host pathology in chicken and pigeons and are believed to assist in diagnosis of the disease, particularly while attributing a particular pathotype to a prevalent strain.


Keywords: Fowl, Newcastle disease, Pathology, Pigeon
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How to cite this article:

Mehroon Chowdhary, Nawab Nashiruddullah, Riya Abrol, Shilpa Sood, Shafiqur Rahman, Jafrin Ara Ahmed and Rafia Maqbool 2020. Newcastle Disease and their Pathology in Fowls Affected with Genotype XIII and Pigeons with Genotype II.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(10): 3800-3810. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.910.437