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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(10): 3406-3425
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.910.394


Biosensors and Bioremediation as Biotechnological Tools for Environmental Monitoring and Protection
Haleema Bano1, Shayesta Islam1, Faisal Noor2 and M. Ashraf Bhat3*
1Division of Environmental Sciences, 2Division of Vegetable Science, 3Division of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Shalimar- 190 025, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Environmental biotechnology is the integration of natural sciences and engineering in order to achieve the application of organisms, cells, parts thereof and molecular analogues for the protection and restoration of the quality of our environment. Biotechnological processes to protect the environment have been used for almost a century now, even longer than the term “biotechnology” exists. Biotechnological techniques to treat waste before or after it has been brought into the environment are components of environmental biotechnological tools. Biotechnology can also be applied industrially for use in developing products and processes that generate less waste and use less nonrenewable resources and consume less energy. A biosensor is an analytical device that integrates a biological sensing element (e.g., an enzyme or an antibody) with a physical (e.g., optical, mass, or electrochemical) transducer, whereby the interaction between the target and the bio-recognition molecules is translated into a measurable electrical signal. Potent alternatives to conventional analytical techniques are Optical biosensors that exploit light absorption, fluorescence, luminescence, reflectance, Raman scattering and refractive index. Devoid of any time-consuming sample concentration and or prior sample pre-treatment steps these biosensors provide rapid, highly sensitive, real-time, and high-frequency monitoring. Although optical biosensors have great potential applications in the areas of environmental monitoring, food safety, drug development, biomedical research, and diagnosis. Their use in fields of environmental pollution control and early warning is still in the early stages. Biosensors are classified according to their transduction principle such as optical, electrochemical and piezoelectric or based on their recognition element as immunosensors, apt sensors, genosensors, and enzymatic biosensors, when antibodies, aptamers, nucleic acids, and enzymes are, respectively, used.


Keywords: Biosensor, Phytoremediation, Phytostabilization, Enzymes, Optical Biosensors, Microorganisms, Antibodies
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How to cite this article:

Haleema Bano, Shayesta Islam, Faisal Noor and Ashraf Bhat, M. 2020. Biosensors and Bioremediation as Biotechnological Tools for Environmental Monitoring and Protection.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(10): 3406-3425. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.910.394