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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020]For more details click here

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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(10): 2364-2373
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.910.283


Improving the Powder Yield and Foaming Characteristics of Papaya Leaf Juice Treated with CMC (Carboxy-Methyl-Cellulose) and GMS (Glycerol-Mono-Stearate)
Mohit Bhardwaj1*, P.C Sharma1, Anil Kumar Verma1,Chahat Thakur1, Raj Saini2 and Shivani1
1Department of Food Science and Technology, 2Department of Basic Sciences, College of Horticulture and Forestry-Neri, Hamirpur, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The study was carried out for utilization of papaya leaf for preparation of foam mat dried papaya leaf powder. The conversion of papaya leaf juice into foam was optimized by whipping the juice after addition of carboxy-methyl-cellulose (CMC) and drying the resultant foam in dehydrator (60±2°C) to constant moisture content. Drying of papaya leaf juice foam by using 3% CMC results in 10.72 per cent powder yield and was found the most appropriate with respect to desired foaming properties (foam density, foam expansion and foam stability) and physical characteristics also. With the increase in the foaming agent concentration, the foam density decreases significantly however, the percentage of foam expansion was increased. In comparison to foam density, the papaya leaf juice exhibited higher foam expansion of 82.85 per cent with 3% GMS in hot juice extract whereas, 3% CMC exhibited maximum foam density and foam stability of 0.562g/cm3 and 94.07 per cent. Thus, the papaya leaves can be utilized for preparation of self-stable powder using foam mat drying technique for further preparation of ready to drink beverages.


Keywords: Papaya leaf juice, Foam mat drying, Foaming properties, CMC, GMS, Drying, Powder yield, Extraction methods
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How to cite this article:

Mohit Bhardwaj, P.C. Sharma, Anil Kumar Verma, Chahat Thakur, Raj Saini and Shivani. 2020. Improving the Powder Yield and Foaming Characteristics of Papaya Leaf Juice Treated with CMC (Carboxy-Methyl-Cellulose) and GMS (Glycerol-Mono-Stearate).Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(10): 2364-2373. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.910.283