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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(10): 2281-2296
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.910.276


Standardization of Sustainable Oleo Gum Resin Tapping Technique in Salai (Boswellia serrata Roxb.) from Tropical Dry Deciduous Forest of Chhattisgarh
Nayak Amit Prakash* and R.K. Prajapati
2Department of Forestry, Indira Gandhi Agricultural University Raipur, CG, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Boswellia serrata (Salai guggul), is a moderate to large sized branching tree of family Burseraceae, grows in dry mountainous regions of India, Northern Africa and Middle East. Oleo-gum resin of Boswellia serrata called Kundur in Unani system of Medicine is a prime ingredient in modern quality perfumes. The gum is popularly used in Indian Systems of Medicine (Unani, Ayurvedic & Sidha) since last several centuries it cures various aliment especially rheumatism, Cancer and skin diseases. A field experiment was carried out on sustainable tapping methods conducted for one year to standardize the tapping methods, tapping seasons, chemical concentration. Trees of 80-150 cm girth (GBH) are selected in natural forest stands of Deopur Forest Range, Balodabazar Forest Division of Chhattisgarh. To obtaining the maximum oleo gum resin from this lesser known species, different tapping techniques have been applied to enhance the gum production without harm to standing trees. The trees of B. serrata by use of Mechanical + Chemical treatment tapping technique total quantity of gum produced in two season was highest in summer (2019) by using H430% conc. of ethephon the yield was 52.94 g/tree  and in winter (2018) maximum gum was obtained by using V3 20% conc. ethephon the yield was 26.18 g/tree in winter season. Whereas, in Mechanical tapping techniques maximum gum was obtained by square shape cut method and the yield was 10.82 g/tree the other two method i.e., V shape and Hole shape not much effective for sustainable production of gum. The physiochemical properties of exudates oleo gum resin were investigated in the laboratory and was found to be mild acidic in nature with high moisture content of 17.32% and low ash content of 1%. This technique was found simple, safe and ensure sustainable gum yield, regeneration and survival of the tapped trees, having no deep incision on bole of trees which resulted no mortality with higher gum yield.


Keywords: Gum tapping, Exudation, Oleo gum resin, Ethephon, Sustainable yield
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How to cite this article:

Nayak Amit Prakash and Prajapati, R.K. 2020. Standardization of Sustainable Oleo Gum Resin Tapping Technique in Salai (Boswellia serrata Roxb.) from Tropical Dry Deciduous Forest of Chhattisgarh.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(10): 2281-2296. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.910.276