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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020]For more details click here

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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(10): 1764-1772
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.910.214


Morpho-physiological Qualities and Evaluation of Germinative Behavior of Hyptis suaveolens Poit (Big balm) Seeds
Kéassemon Hervé Cédessia Kone1*, Dramane Soro1,2, Blé Alexis Tardy Kouassi1,Oulé Démétché Epiphanie Dion1 and Lacina Fanleguecoulibaly2
¹Université Péléfero Gon Coulibaly, UFR des Sciences Biologiques, Département de Biologie Végétale, BP 1328 Korhogo
2Centre Suisse de Recherches Scientifiques en Côte d’Ivoire
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Point. (Lamiaceae) is a threat of biodiversity, environment and especially crops and pastures. This species has high propagation capacity in the environment. This study was initiated to contribute to the biological control of Hyptis suaveolens. To achieve this objective, morphological and physiological characteristics of seeds were realized. Mean length of 3.55 ± 0.18 mm, mean width of 2.20 ± 0.13 mm and mean thickness of 0.84 ± 0.08 mm were obtained. A purity rate of 94.4% ± 2.96 and mean number of 4850 seeds per gram were also obtained at morphological study. At physiological level, germination rate of 64.25% and percent water content of 10.2 ± 1.79% were obtained. Physical scarification reduced germination to 16% at micropylar level (CMI) and 31% at opposite side of micropyl (COM). Chemical scarification had virtually no germination rate. After three (3) months of storage, germination rate of 63.25% in refrigerated and 23.00% in ambient condition were observed. Change light and darkness was more favorable for better seed germination with 80% germination rate compared to 74.25% in light and 53.75% in darkness. These results could help effectively to combat this invasive plant.


Keywords: Hyptis suaveolens, weed, germination, biological control, Ivory Coast
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How to cite this article:

Kéassemon Hervé Cédessia Kone, Dramane Soro, Blé Alexis Tardy Kouassi, Oulé Démétché Epiphanie Dion and Lacina Fanleguecoulibaly. 2020. Morpho-physiological Qualities and Evaluation of Germinative Behavior of Hyptis suaveolens Poit (Big balm) Seeds.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(10): 1764-1772. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.910.214