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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(10): 1741-1745
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.910.211


Diversification of Existing Rice-Wheat Cropping System for Increasing Productivity and Profitability under Irrigated Upland Conditions of Bihar
Santosh Kumar Chaudhary1*, Sushil Kumar Yadav1, Dilip Kumar Mahto1,
Sanjay Kumar Singh1, Mahesh Kumar1 and Neha Sinha2
1Department of Agronomy, NCOH, Noorsarai, Nalanda, India
2Department of Horticulture, BAU Sabour, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

An experiment was conducted at College of Horticulture, Noorsarai during 2012-2015 to diversify and intensify the rice-wheat cropping system by including vegetables as cash crops for developing need based intensive and profitable cropping system for small farmers of irrigated upland conditions of Bihar. Among the tested diversified crop sequences, Onion-Onion-Bottle gourd recorded significantly higher rice equivalent yield (369 q/ha) and highest production efficiency (101.1kg/ha/day) over all the crop sequences, which was 229% higher over existing rice-wheat cropping (112.2q/ha) system followed by Okra-Cabbage-Bottle gourd and Okra-Potato-Okra with rice equivalent yield (305.3 and 304.7) q/ha respectively. Result indicated that diversification of existing rice-wheat cropping offers better system productivity and profitability. Hence, Onion-Onion-Bottle gourd can be adopted as most profitable cropping system because it can potentially increase farm incomes, especially in a country like India where demand of high-value vegetable crops increasing more rapidly than that of staple food crops. As it is bitter truth that, Indian agriculture is overwhelmingly dominated by smallholders and therefore, they need to diversify their systems towards high value crops.


Keywords: High, value, Vegetable, Crops, System, Productivity, Efficiency, Profitability REY
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How to cite this article:

Santosh Kumar Chaudhary, Sushil Kumar Yadav, Dilip Kumar Mahto, Sanjay Kumar Singh, Mahesh Kumar and Neha Sinha. 2020. Diversification of Existing Rice-Wheat Cropping System for Increasing Productivity and Profitability under Irrigated Upland Conditions of Bihar.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(10): 1741-1745. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.910.211