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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(10): 1235-1265
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.910.151


Seeds Treatment Using Trichoderma spp. Formulated in Biosluryy and Vermicompost to Induct the Resistance of the Peanut (Arachis hypogaea. L) Diseases  
Made Sudana* and I. Gusti Ngurah Raka
Faculty of Agricultural, Udayana University. Indonesia
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

From the results of several studies it is suspected that even though there is a Rhizobium microbial field that can provide nitrogen for plants, it is thought that very little population lives around the roots. In addition, few microbes are able to spur plant growth, namely Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR) Bacteria. And systemic inducing microbes or Systemic acquired resistance (SAR) to plant pathogens, even though microbes are only given to the roots, will be able to increase the resistance of all parts of the plant to disease. So in an effort to increase peanut production, research is needed to get systemic resistance-inducing microbes (SAR), using the Trichoterma spp, and as a Fungus carrier media is Vermicompost fertilizer and Biosluryy fertilizer fertilizer is rich in nutrients. The mixture between Trichoderma and its carrier is formulated as biofertilizer and this biofertilizer will be applied as a seed treatment, ie biofertilizer is mixed with seeds before being planted. It is expected that from the results of this study peanut plants will have good growth and production as well as disease resistance. From the results of the study, it was found that peanut seeds after being given seed treatment, Trichoderma koningii, T. viride, T. asperelum, T. reseii and T. asperelum formulated in Vermicompost or Bioslury fertilizer were very good in increasing the growth and production of peanuts. compared Control (only using Vermicompost and Bioslury without Trichoderma. Trichoderma which is formulated in Vermicompost fertilizer has better ability to increase plant growth compared to bioslury fertilizer. Trichoderma asperelum is the best Trichoderma if applied to peanut plants in formulations with Vermicompost fertilizer both in veetative growth and generative growth of peanut plants. And cause the peanut is able to produce up to 3.9 tons / Ha while the Control is only 1.65 tons per Ha as well as if Trichoderma has been formulated in Bioslury fertilizer, the peanut plant is able to produce 3.70 Tons / Ha. So in an effort to increase peanut production to reach 3.9 tons / ha it is better to use Trichoderma Asperelum formulated in vermicompost or bioslury fertilizer. In terms of increasing disease resistance it turns out that Trichoderma asperilium either formulated in vermicompost fertilizer or bioslury fertilizer has the lowest infection rate against Mottle virus as much as 3.60% to 4.13% or leaf rust disease (Puccinia arachidis) with an intensity of infection of 15.70% and 14.06%.


Keywords: Peanut, Rhizobium, Systemic acquired resistance (SAR), PGPR, Vermicompost, Biosluryy.  Paddy fields
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How to cite this article:

Made Sudana, I. and Gusti Ngurah Raka, I. 2020. Seeds Treatment Using Trichoderma spp. Formulated in bioslurry and Vermicompost to Induct the Resistance of the Peanut (Arachis hypogaea. l) Diseases.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(10): 1235-1265. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.910.151