Follow
International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020]For more details click here

Login as a Reviewer

Indexed in



National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

See Guidelines to Authors
Current Issues

Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(10): 956-972
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.910.115


Conservation of Agriculture in the Western Indo-Gangetic Plains' Irrigated Cotton–Wheat and Guar-Wheat System
Dhinu Yadav* and Leela Wati
Department of Microbiology, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar-125004, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Conserving natural capital and optimizing factor productivity in semi-arid regions has been a great challenge in achieving sustainability of the production system. Cotton-wheat and guar-wheat based cropping system plays a predominant role under evolving climatic scenarios by sustainable conservation of natural resources. In the present study, the effect of long-term zero-tillage practices on selected physico-chemical and microbiological properties was determined in different cropping system at 0-15 and 15-30 cm soil depth in Mahendergarh (Tigra) district of Haryana (latitude- 28.030N and longitude- 76.100E) during the year 2006. The composition of soil samples from traditional and zero-tillage farms had been sandy. After harvesting of wheat in 2017, triplicate soil samples from undisturbed and disturbed soil were obtained for determination of pH, electrical conductivity (EC), soil organic carbon (SOC), total N, P and K content, microbial biomass carbon and nitrogen (MBC and MBN), enzymatic activities and viable count of microbes and results showed that EC and pH were not significantly affected by tillage systems. Results indicated that SOC (0.31 %) under ZT was relatively higher at the surface layer compared to CT (0.28 %) under guar-wheat cropping system. The long-term zero-tillage practices resulted that relatively higher soil total nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium contents, MBC and MBN dehydrogenase, alkaline phosphatase, cellulase and urease activities and bacterial and fungal count at the 0-15 cm depth than conventional tillage under guar-wheat cropping pattern. The zero-tillage practices thus enhanced soil's physico-chemical as well as microbiological properties, which can contribute to increased crop yield and soil health. Hence, Haryana's growing system of cotton-wheat and guar-wheat under irrigated conditions in this area due to its potential for increased production, competitiveness and resource conservation.


Keywords: Crop-rotation, Microbiological properties, Soil health and Zero-tillage
Download this article as Download

How to cite this article:

Dhinu Yadav and Leela Wati. 2020. Conservation of Agriculture in the Western Indo-Gangetic Plains' Irrigated Cotton–Wheat and Guar-Wheat System.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(10): 956-972. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.910.115