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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(10): 323-331
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.910.040


Effect of Weed Management Strategies on Soil Nutrient Status of Apple (Malus X Domestica) under High Density Orchard System
Shaila Din1*, Rayees Ah. Wani1, A. H. Pandith1, F. A. Khan2, S. A. Mir3, Sameera Qayoom4, Insha Majid1, Shemoo Nisar1, Fouzia Nissar5 and Tajamul Wani1
1Division of Fruit Science,
2Division of Basic Science & Humanities,
3Division of Agri-Statistics,
4Division of Agronomy,
5Division of Vegetable Science, SKUAST-K, Srinagar 190025, Jammu and Kashmir
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Weed management in high density orchards is a critical component for successful crop production. The present investigation was conducted in the Experimental fields of Division of Fruit Science, SKUAST, Kashmir during the year 2018 with the aim of standardizing the effect of various weed management strategies on soil moisture and nutrient availability. One year old trees of exotic apple cv. “Elstar” grafted on M-9 T337 rootstock, introduced by SKUAST-Kashmir from Holland in March 2017, were selected for experimentation. The thirteen treatments used were replicated thrice in Factorial Randomized Complete Block Design. Different weed management practices significantly influenced the soil temperature at 0-15 cm depth, highest being recorded under inorganic polyethylene mulches and lowest among organic mulches. Maximum mean soil temperature of 25.63 ⁰C was recorded under T3 (Unpunched black polyethylene mulch) which was statistically at par with T2 (Punched black polyethylene mulch) (25.59 ⁰C) and T4 (Bi-colour polyethylene mulch) (25.38 ⁰C). Minimum soil temperature (18.48 ⁰C) was recorded under paddy straw mulch (T5). Also the available nitrogen content of the soil was markedly influenced by various weed management practices during the year of study. Maximum available nitrogen content (323.78 Kg ha-1) was recorded under paddy straw mulch (T5) which was followed by T12 (Oxyfluorfen followed by Glufosinate ammonium) (319.89 Kg ha-1) and T11 (Oxyfluorfen followed by Glyphosate) (316.83 Kg ha-1). Minimum available nitrogen content (282.11 Kg ha-1) was recorded under unweeded control. Available phosphorus content in soil was highest (22.22 Kg ha-1) under paddy straw mulch (T5) whereas minimum phosphorus content (19.12 Kg ha-1) was recorded under unweeded control. Available potassium content was maximum (232.22 Kg ha-1) in paddy straw mulch (T5). Minimum potassium status (201.44 Kg ha-1) in soil was recorded under unweeded control.


Keywords: Elstar, Organic mulch, Inorganic mulch, Herbicides and nutrients
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How to cite this article:

Shaila Din, Rayees Ah. Wani, A. H. Pandith, F. A. Khan, S. A. Mir, Sameera Qayoom, Insha Majid, Shemoo Nisar, Fouzia Nissar and Tajamul Wani. 2020. Effect of Weed Management Strategies on Soil Nutrient Status of Apple (Malus X Domestica) under High Density Orchard System.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(10): 323-331. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.910.040