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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(9): 3201-3210
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.909.396


Crimean–Congo Haemorrhagic Fever (CCHF): A Zoonoses
Sharanagouda Patil1*, Pinaki Panigrahi2, Mahendra P Yadav3 and Bramhadev Pattnaik4
1Virology Section, ICAR-National Institute of Veterinary Epidemiology and Disease informatics (ICAR-NIVEDI), Yelahanka, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India 560064
2Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, D.C, USA 20007
3SVP University of Agriculture & Technology, Meerut, India
4One Health Center for surveillance and disease dynamics, AIPH University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha & Former Director, ICAR- Directorate of Foot and Mouth Disease, Mukteswar, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF), a serious human disease with short incubation period, is the most wide spread tick-borne viral infection of man.  It is caused by a negative-sense RNA virus (Nairovirus genus) in the Nairoviridae family within the Bunyavirales order.  The CCHF virus (CCHFV) is transmitted mainly by ticks of Hyalomma spp. The disease is zoonotic and was first described in humans in 1940s in former Soviet Union. The disease was reported in India in 2011 with involvement of Hyalomma anatolicum ticks. Antibodies to CCHFV have been demonstrated in livestock including bovines, sheep and goat. A detailed review is being presented on CCHF including its epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, prevention and control measures. Humans are infected by tick bites, contact with animal blood, and also during handling of infected/ sick animals.  The infection can also be nosocomial.  Biosafety and Biosecurity measures including sanitation and control of ticks would be of much help in bringing CCHF under control. 


Keywords: CCHF, CCHF virus, CCHF zoonosis, Human, India, Livestock, Zoonotic
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How to cite this article:

Sharanagouda Patil, Pinaki Panigrahi, Mahendra P. Yadav and Bramhadev Pattnaik. 2020. Crimean–Congo Haemorrhagic Fever (CCHF): A Zoonoses.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(9): 3201-3210. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.909.396