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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(9): 2424-2438
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.909.302


Evaluation Studies to Indicate Wide Diversity in Qualitative Traits of Sesame Germplasm in Madhya Pradesh Region
Nitesh Kumar Panwar* and Rajani Bisen
Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Jabalpur (M.P.) 482004, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The aim of the present study is to characterize eight hundred twenty nine germplasm of sesame and identify the candidate genotypes from indigenous gene-pool of Sesamum indicum L. The experiment was executed at Project Coordinating Unit (Sesame and Niger) Research Farm, JNKVV, Jabalpur (M.P.) in unreplicated Augmented Block Design using 17 attributing characters. A significant amount of variation was observed for most of the traits studied. Study of growth traits clearly revealed that majority of the genotypes showed variability for growth habit towards semi-erect types and sparse hairiness on stem with majority of basal branching pattern. Towards leaf characters, higher frequency of sparse hairiness, ovate leaf shape for middle leaves, linear leaf shape for top leaves, entire basal leaf margin, absence of lobe incision of basal leaf and medium leaf size for leaf characters was observed in the study. Regarding colour traits, most of germplasm exhibited white with pink shading of corolla colour. Dense type corolla hairiness was in majority. Similarly, four number of locules/capsule, one flower/leaf axil, narrow oblong bicarpellate capsule shape, monocapsular arrangement, strong type of capsule hairiness, short capsule beak and straw/yellow colour of dry capsule for capsule characters also in higher frequency. Above study revealed the distinct characteristics of germplasm and indicated that morphological variations exist in collected germplasm due to variation in genetic makeup and could be better utilized by breeders in the selection based on their specific requirement for breeding programme along with that this is highly useful to study for varietal identification and conservation. Further, the unique featured lines can be selected for developing varieties with unique identification.


Keywords: Candidate genotypes, Gene-pool, Morphological variations and Genetic makeup etc
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How to cite this article:

Nitesh Kumar Panwar and Rajani Bisen. 2020. Evaluation Studies to Indicate Wide Diversity in Qualitative Traits of Sesame Germplasm in Madhya Pradesh Region.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(9): 2424-2438. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.909.302