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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(9): 2164-2166
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.909.270


Seroprevalence of Hepatitis B Infection among Pregnant Women at a Tertiary Care Hospital
Apoorva1, Mukesh Manjhi2, Sneha Mohan1* and Dalip K. Kakru1
1Department of Microbiology, School of Medical Sciences and Research,
Sharda University, U.P., India
2Department of Dermatology, Hamdard Institute of Medical Sciences and
Research and HAH Hospital, Delhi, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Hepatitis B surface antigen is the first seromarker detected in the serum for active Hepatitis B infection. This is important to detect in pregnant women because if it goes undetected it can be harmful for both the mother and the foetus. In India prevalence rate of vertical transmission of HBV infection is also very high. To determine the seroprevalence of HBsAg among the pregnant women Study was conducted in the Serology Laboratory, Department of Microbiology, Sharda Hospital. It is a cross-sectional study. Qualitative detection of HBsAg was done from the patient’s serum sample using the rapid test kit method, which yielded results within 20 minutes. Statistical analysis used: Nil. A total of 435 pregnant females were included in the study, out of which 12 were seropositive for HBsAg. Therefore, the prevalence rate was found to be 2.64% in the present study. Also, maximum positive cases were in the age group 20-25 years (75%). As vertical transmission is responsible for majority of HBsAg infections in our country it is therefore important if we screen all pregnant females irrespective of their risk factors and give combined immunization and immunoprophylaxis to the high-risk babies born to the seropositive mothers. This will help in reducing the prevalence rate of the HBV infection in India.


Keywords: Hepatitis B surface antigen, Pregnant women, Seroprevalence
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How to cite this article:

Apoorva, B., Mukesh Manjhi, Sneha Mohan and Dalip K. Kakru. 2020. Seroprevalence of Hepatitis B Infection among Pregnant Women at a Tertiary Care Hospital.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(9): 2164-2166. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.909.270