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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(9): 1994-2004
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.909.249


Economic Analysis of Cost and Returns in Male Buffalo Calves Farming for Meat Production in Selected Districts of Tamil Nadu, India
Senthilkumar*, V. Palanichamy and R. Chitra
Department of Animal Husbandry Economics, Veterinary College and Research Institute, Namakkal, Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

India’s livestock sector is one of the largest in the world with a holding of 11 per cent of world livestock population. . In species wise meat contribution during the year 2018-19, the buffalo meat contributes 19.05 per cent and 13.30 lakh tonnes of buffalo meat annually exported by India. In India, male buffalo calves are considered as burden and left as such as stray animals. The rearing of male buffalo calves for meat production is an economically viable enterprise as integration with crop and fodder in some districts of Tamil Nadu near by border state of Kerala. Coimbatore, Theni and Kanyakumari districts were purposively selected for the present study. From each of the selected districts, 20 male buffalo calves rearer were selected randomly, covering a total of 60 male buffalo calves farmers for this study. Fixed investment, fixed cost, variable and gross cost and gross return and net return; benefit cost ratio, break even output and margin of safety also were calculated for small, medium and large farm category. Major components of total investment in large per farm was construction of shed (85.02 per cent). Total fixed cost per farm is higher in medium farm (6.75 per cent), large farm (4.71 per cent) and small farm (00.10 per cent). Average variable costs incurred per animal in medium farm was higher in cost of bull calves (68.43 per cent), followed by cost of concentrate (26.06 per cent), cost of green fodder cultivation (0.12 per cent), cost of dry fodder (1.96 per cent), labour wages (1.13 per cent), deworming charges (1.43 per cent), Vaccination charges (0.14 per cent), electricity expenses (0.01 per cent) and miscellaneous charges (0.71 per cent). It was found that net return per farm was Rs.4,60,188.00 (large), Rs.1,08,806.60 (medium) and Rs.23,548.46 (small). Net return per animal in large farm was Rs.12,871.73, medium farm for Rs.11,832.60 and small farm for Rs.7,563.9. It could be found that the benefit cost ratio of male buffalo calves farming was 1:1.22, 1:1.29 and 1:1.40 in small, medium and large farms, respectively. The average break even output was 5, 23 and 46 for small, medium and large farm category, respectively.


Keywords: Male buffalo calves, Fixed investment, Gross cost, Net return and BCR
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How to cite this article:

Senthilkumar, V., V. Palanichamy and Chitra, R. 2020. Economic Analysis of Cost and Returns in Male Buffalo Calves Farming for Meat Production in Selected Districts of Tamil Nadu, India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(9): 1994-2004. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.909.249