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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2016 - IJCMAS--ICV 2016: 92.3 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2017) [Effective from January 1, 2017]For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2017)
[Effective from January 1, 2017]
For more details click here

ICV 2016: 92.3
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2016 - IJCMAS--ICV 2016: 92.3
For more details click here
journals IJCMAS
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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2015: 85.95
NAAS RATING 2017: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(4): 300-313
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.604.033


Role of Plant Volatiles in Defense and Communication
Rahul Kumar Meena1*, Sumit Jangra1, Zeenat Wadhwa1,Monika2 and Leela Wati2
 
1Department of Molecular Biology, Biotechnology and Bioinformatics,CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, India
2Department of Microbiology, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Plant releases volatile chemicals compounds in air through which plant interacts to both biotic and abiotic communities these are called plant volatiles. Nearly one-fifth of the carbon fixed by plant every day is released as volatiles. Majority of plant volatiles are derived from: terpenoids, fatty acid catabolites, aromatics, amino-acid derived products and alcohols. Plant volatiles serve various functions in plants ranging from signal transduction to plant defense. Volatiles compounds released by plants are one of the fastest exploited weapons, with respect to minimizing the yield losses and providing tolerance to various stresses. Plant volatiles have several physiological and ecological functions for plants. Many of the volatile terpenes are nonspecific toxins active against a wide range of organisms (bacteria, fungi, plants and animals). Agricultural crops are having less volatile emission making them susceptible to various biotic and abiotic stress. Keeping in mind the ecological functions of volatiles, the aim should be to optimize the emission patterns by choosing right cultivars for individual land areas with specific cultivation challenges. Plant volatiles are also a source of intra plant and inter plant interactions. In response to attacks, plants produce a wide array of volatile organic compounds which have multiple functions as internal plant hormones as well as play a crucial role in the communication between plants and the associated community members, such as other herbivores, phytopathogens and the natural enemies of herbivores.


Keywords: Plant volatiles, Signal transduction, Defense, Ecological functions.
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How to cite this article:

Rahul Kumar Meena, Sumit Jangra, Zeenat Wadhwa, Monika and Leela Wati. 2017. Role of Plant Volatiles in Defense and Communication.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(4): 300-313. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.604.033