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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020]For more details click here

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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(8): 2773-2777
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.908.312


Agronomic Management of Water Chestnut (Trapa natans L.): A Review
B. R. Jana*
ICAR–RCER, Research Centre for Makhana, Darbhanga-846005, Bihar, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Water chestnut is an important high value aquatic crop grown in India. Of late the importance of this crop has been increasing due to the presence of appreciable amount of nutritional contents therein like protein, carbohydrates, fiber and minerals. This paper explores the recent agronomic management techniques and post-harvest utilization of water chestnut crop. Being a short duration annual crop, it can be introduced in low-input cropping systems as a viable alternative crop for sustainable horticulture. Water chestnut production is mainly constrained by lack of knowledge on agronomic practices, deficiency of technical know-how about its processing and lack of mass awareness about its high nutritional values. These days, field cultivation of this crop is also proving to be profitable. Hence, attempts are being undertaken to integrate it with field crops. Improved genotypes namely Bihar Large Red, Green Spineless and Balasore Green have been found to perform the best under field cultivation. Planting distance of 1m x 2m with application of NPK @ 60:40:30 kg/ha in split applications have witnessed a yield of as much as 12.0 t/ha. Being a high value cash crop, it can be sold as the fresh produce; better income however can be secured by selling value added products of water chestnut like dry nut and flour. Cultivated with right agronomic techniques and processed appropriately after harvest, water chestnut crop can significantly improve the livelihood of farmers living in water surplus regions of rural India.


Keywords: Water chestnut, horticulture, Bihar large red, Green spineless and Balasore green
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How to cite this article:

Water chestnut, horticulture, Bihar large red, Green spineless and Balasore greenInt.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(8): 2773-2777. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.908.312