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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(8): 1704-1717
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.908.196


Agricultural Sustainability at Farm Level: A Comparative Analysis of Rainfed and Irrigated Farmers in North Eastern Karnataka Region
Devendra Beeraladinni1*, B. L. Patil1, Jagrati Deshmanya2,S. Poddar3, K. V. Ashalatha4 and J. S. Sonnad5
1Department of Agricultural Economics, College of Agriculture, UAS,
Dharwad-580005, Karnataka, India
2Department of Agricultural Economics, College of Agriculture, UAS,
Raichur-5841004, Karnataka, India
3Land and Water Management Institute (WALMI), Dharwad-580011, Karnataka, India
4Department of Agricultural Statistics, 5Department of Agribusiness Management, College of Agriculture, UAS, Dharwad-580005, Karnataka, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The present study assessed the status of farm level agricultural sustainability for rainfed and irrigated farmers in Raichur and Yadgir districts of North Eastern Karnataka by constructing Farmers Sustainability Index (FSI) encompassing four component indicators of farm level sustainability viz., Economically sustainable farming practices, Environmentally sustainable farming practices, Sustainable crop production practices and Socio economic factors. The primary data on 33 variables was collected from the 240 farmers which comprised 120 irrigated and 120 rainfed farmers. The results of the study showed that in both the districts majority of the rainfed farmers 45 per cent in Raichur and 55 per cent in Yadgir were sustainable compared to irrigated farmers where 70 per cent in Yadigr district and about 53 per cent in Raichur district comes under unsustainable category. In irrigated area the actual mean score of the three components of farm level agricultural sustainability were above the expected mean score except for the component environmentally sustainable farming practices (0.49 in Raichur district and 0.44 in Yadgir district ) which was lower than the expected mean score (0.60). However, in rainfed area the actual mean scores of all the components were above the expected average score, as majority of rainfed farmers fallowed economically and environmentally sustainable farming practices such as crop rotation, crop diversification, mixed and intercropping, application of farm yard manures, agronomic method of plant protection and cultural method of weed management. There is a need to promote the sustainable farming practices such as judicial use of fertilizers and plant protection chemicals, adaption of efficient water use techniques and Integrated Pest Management techniques, use of organic manures and diversification of farm activities in the irrigated areas of both the districts. In addition, educating the farmers about agricultural sustainability and resource conservation will improve the agricultural sustainability of farmers at farm level in North Eastern Karnataka region.


Keywords: Economically sustainable farming practices, Expected score, Farmers sustainability Index (FSI), North Eastern Karnataka
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How to cite this article:

Devendra Beeraladinni, B. L. Patil, Jagrati Deshmanya, R. S. Poddar, K. V Ashalatha and Sonnad, J. S. 2020. Agricultural Sustainability at Farm Level: A Comparative Analysis of Rainfed and Irrigated Farmers in North Eastern Karnataka Region.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(8): 1704-1717. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.908.196