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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
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Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(8): 1671-1678
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.908.192


Studies of the Identification of Indigenous Varieties of Gladiolus for Commercial Traits
Ganesh B. Kadam1*, P. Naveen Kumar1, T. N. Saha1, M. R. Dhiman2, Nitika Gupta1 and K. V. Prasad1
1ICAR-Directorate of Floricultural Research, College of Agriculture Campus, Shivajinagar, Pune 411005, India
2ICAR-IARI, Regional Station, Katrain, Himachal Pradesh, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The impetus for Improvement of gladiolus in India resulted in many improved varieties which were bred under Indian conditions. To evaluate these indigenously developed varieties an experiment was conducted with 34 gladiolus varieties/cultivars at the Research Farm of Directorate of Floricultural Research, Pune. Based on the evaluation for important commercial traits, the cultivars Suchitra (113.37 cm), Arka Amar (110.73 cm), Melody Open (105.50 cm), Phule Ganesh (102.84 cm) and Phule Neelrekha (102.54 cm) were found superior for spike length. Maximum rachis length was recorded in cultivars Melody Open (71.06 cm), Sweta (68.32 cm), Phule Ganesh (67.60 cm), Suchitra (65.92 cm), Phule Neelrekha (64.39 cm) and Pusa Kiran (62.22 cm). The maximum number of florets was recorded in cultivars Pusa Urmi (19.56), Pusa Suhagin (19.55), Subhangani (19.00), Suryakiran (18.56), Ps Hybrid 40 (18.22) and Phule Neelrekha (18.11). Based on the evaluation for days required for spike initiation and first floret exhibiting colour, the varieties were classified into early, mid and late maturity groups. The varieties viz., Arka Kesar and Melody Open for early Arka Amar, Phule Neelrekha, Phule Ganesh and Arka Naveen for mid Pusa Suhagin and Pusa Sinduri for late cultivation could be selected in similar climactic conditions. These early, mid and late flowering varieties could be effectively utilized for crop planning and thereby profit can be maximized. Indigenous varieties with targeted effort towards making availability of quality planting material could help the small and marginal farmers in the region to improve their economic condition.


Keywords: Gladiolus, Morphology, Evaluation, Indigenous
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How to cite this article:

Ganesh B. Kadam, P. Naveen Kumar, T. N. Saha, M. R. Dhiman, Nitika Gupta and Prasad, K. V. 2020. Studies of the Identification of Indigenous Varieties of Gladiolus for Commercial Traits.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(8): 1671-1678. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.908.192