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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(8): 1380-1387
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.908.157


Effect of Different Mulches on Conservation of Soil Moisture, Growth, Yield and Quality of Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) cv. Kashi Amrit
Dheeraj Maurya, Shashi Bala* and Ashok Pal
Department of Horticulture, Udai Pratap College, Varanasi (U.P.), India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The present investigation was carried out during winter season of 2018-19 at Experimental Farm, Department of Horticulture, Udai Pratap Autonomous College, Varanasi (U.P.) in Randomized Block Design with three replications. Different mulching material such as Black polythene, White polythene, Sugarcane leaves, Mango leaves, Paddy straw and Wheat straw with control were used as treatment. Observations were recorded on soil moisture, soil temperature, vegetative, reproductive, yield and quality related parameters. On the basis of recorded observations,  it  is found that the performance of the T4 (Black  polythene of 200 gauge) was better in soil moisture parameter 14.04%,   soil temperature 22.85°C and also  all growth parameters such as plant height (35.04, 68.35 and 79.97 cm), number of branches per plant (7.50), diameter of main stem (0.88, 1.85 and 1.88 cm) at 45, 60and 75 DAT,  reproductive parameter such as number of flower per cluster (9.80, 9.70, 9.40), number of fruit per plant (6.60, 7.20 and 6.80), yield parameter viz. diameter of tomato (3.0 cm), weight of tomato (114.30g), yield of tomato kg / plot (17.20 kg) yield of tomato q / ha(353.90 q)and quality parameter such as total soluble solids (4.57 brix), ascorbic acid mg/100g fresh weight (33.40 mg) showed highly significant performance. The treatment T4 (Black polythene of 200 gauge) performed as the best mulching material  for growth,  reproductive,  yield and quality characters for commercial production of Tomato followed by T2 (Clear polythene mulch50µ) is considered as the another best mulching material.


Keywords: Black polythene, Clear polythene, Mango leaves, Sugarcane leaves, Paddy straw, Wheat straw, Tomato, Growth Yield and Quality
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How to cite this article:

Dheeraj Maurya, Shashi bala and Ashok Pal. 2020. Effect of Different Mulches on Conservation of Soil Moisture, Growth, Yield and Quality of Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) cv. Kashi Amrit.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(8): 1380-1387. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.908.157