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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(8): 1297-1302
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.908.146


Eco-friendly Management of Downy Mildew of Opium Poppy
Ashwani Kumar Patel1*, S. K. Pande2, Shivam Singh2 and Satyendra Vishwakarma2
1Department of Plant Pathology, Acharya Narendra Deva University of Agriculture & Technology, Kumarganj, India
2Acharya Narendra Deva University of Agriculture & Technology
Ayodhya (Faizabad)-224229(U.P), India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The opium poppy is one of important medicinal plant. Morphine, Codeine and Thebaine alkaloids are the products that are prepared from it. The crop is damaged by a number of fungal diseases, which causes heavy losses. An experiment was designed to evaluate the efficacy of few chemical fungicides and biofungicides, cow urine, buttermilk and botanicals against downy mildew of Opium poppy. Downy mildew (DM) caused by Peronospora arborescens, is a serious disease in Opium poppy (Papaver somniferum L.), which has a world-wide spread. Minimum disease incidence 10.12 per cent was recorded in T6 (Seed treatment and three foliar spray of Ridomyl MZ) followed by 14.21 in T5 (Seed treatment and three foliar spray of Mancozeb @ 0.25 per cent), Maximum reduction (83.82 per cent) in disease intensity was found in T6 followed by T5 (77.30%).The untreated plot showed high disease intensity (62.58 per cent) Maximum latex yield (kg/ha) was found in T6 (40.15 kg/ha) followed by T5 (38.33 kg/ha.) and in control plot it was found minimum, 30.98 kg/ha, Similar to latex yield the maximum seed yield (13.83 q/ha) was found in T6 followed by T5 (12.3 q/ha). The minimum seed yield was found in control plot 9.5q/ha. The use of plant products and 7 days old buttermilk and fresh cow urine were not associated with any health hazards and environmental and soil pollution. These plant product, have not received yet commercial attention, However botanicals and cow urine and buttermilk significantly reduced disease incidence as well as increase the yield.


Keywords: Botanicals, Downy mildew, Alkaloids, Opium, Latex
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How to cite this article:

Ashwani Kumar Patel, S. K. Pande, Shivam Singh and Satyendra Vishwakarma. 2020. Eco-friendly Management of Downy Mildew of Opium Poppy.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(8): 1297-1302. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.908.146