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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(8): 709-719
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.908.077


Water-use Efficiency and the Effect of Water Deficits under Different Planting Techniques on Productivity and Profitability of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) in Typic Ustochrept Soil of Morena Region of M.P.
S. Tomar1*, Y. P. Singh1, R. K. Naresh2, Kancheti Mrunalin3,S. Gurjar1, Ravi Yadav1 and Deepandra Sharma1
1R.V.S. Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya - ZARS, Morena, (M P), India
2Department of Agronomy, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture & Technology, Meerut (U. P.), India
3Division of Crop Production, Indian Institute of Pulses Research, Kanpur, (U. P.), India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Exploiting the production potential of chickpea through agronomic management is one of the alternatives to feed the pulse requirements of ever growing population. For this, efficient planting methods have contributed substantially to the spectacular increase in chickpea yield and to improve water productivity per unit of water use.  In order to study the planting methods in chickpea was at the domain of R.V.S. Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya - ZARS, Morena, Madhya Pradesh during Rabi 2017-18 and 2018-19. The experiment was laid out in randomized block design with fifteen replications means farmer as a replication.  The treatment consisted of three planting methods T1- Flat Beds (farmer practices), T2- Furrow Irrigated Raised Beds 60cm (FIRB 60cm), and T3-  Furrow Irrigated Raised Beds 120cm (FIRB 120cm) in this way experiment was laid out. The study revealed that the values of growth contributing characters viz., nodules number (6.1%), nodule dry weight (23%), shoot and root dry weight (8.7%) and root dry weight (15%) and growth, yield and yield attributes like branches per plant (26.8%), pods per plant (19.3%) and seed yield (30.3%) under of chickpea were increasing significantly with FIRB 60 cm planting method (T2) followed by FIRB 120cm planting method (T3) and significantly superior over rest of the treatments (Flat beds farmer practices T1). The maximum gross return and net return were noted under T2 FIRB 60cm (Two rows of chickpea sown on the shoulders of the beds). The highest benefit cost ratio was recorded in T2 FIRB 60cm followed by T3 FIRB 120cm they proved Furrow Irrigated Raised Beds method were more remunerative then other treatments.  Similarly, Furrow Irrigated Raised Beds (FIRB system)also improved water productivity as saving of irrigation water up to 29.52% was recorded under FIRB planting over that in flat beds. Hence, it was concluded that treatment T2 (Furrow Irrigated Raised Beds with pair row of crop at 30 cm spacing on one bed) was economically feasible as compared to other methods of sowing of chick pea.


Keywords: Chickpea, FIRB, Productivity, water use efficiency, Profitability
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How to cite this article:

Tomar, S. S., Y. P. Singh, R. K. Naresh, Kancheti Mrunalin, R. S. Gurjar, Ravi yadav and Deepandra Sharma. 2020. Water-use Efficiency and the Effect of Water Deficits under Different Planting Techniques on Productivity and Profitability of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) in Typic Ustochrept Soil of Morena Region of M.P..Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(8): 709-719. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.908.077