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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(8): 437-442
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.908.051


Evaluation of Anthelmintic Resistance of Benzimidazole and Levamisole on Gastrointestinal Nematode Parasites of Cattle
Choudhury1 and K. H. Bulbul2*
1Department of Veterinary Parasitology, Lakhimpur College of Veterinary Science,
AAU, Joyhing – 787051, India
2Division of Veterinary Parasitology, F.V.Sc. & A.H., SKUAST-K, Shuhama, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Gastrointestinal nematodes (GINs) resistant to anthelmintics have been reported in several regions of India which may be associated with economic losses for the cattle industry. This study aimed to evaluate the anthelmintic resistance (AR) for gastrointestinal nematodes from naturally infected cattle in Assam to several commercially available anthelmintics like fenbendazole, albendazole and levamisole. The faecal samples were collected per rectum from 325 cattle to screen for detection of GINs and examined qualitatively by floatation and sedimentation technique and quantitively by Stoll’s egg counting method. The parasites found positive were Haemonchus, Trichostrongylus, Oesophagostomum, Cooperia and Mecistocirus genera. To evaluate AR by FECRT, 24 animals were randomly selected irrespective of sex and age having EPG >200 then divided into four groups consisting of six animals in each group before treatment. The first, second and third group was treated with fenbendazole (@ 5 mg/kg), albendazole (@ 7.5 mg/kg) and levamisole (@ 7.5 mg/kg) body weight, respectively and the fourth group was kept as infected untreated control. Faecal samples were collected per-rectally on 0th day (pre-treatment) and 10 and 14th day post-treatment from animals of all groups and individual faecal egg counts were determined by Stooll’s egg counting technique. The study revealed FECR% of 100.00, 85.00 and 90.00% in animals of first, second and third group, respectively. The study indicated that the GINs of cattle have developed BZ resistance and there is need to control it at an earliest with levamisole.


Keywords: Anthelmintic resistance, Benzimidazole, Levamisole, FECRT, Cattle
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How to cite this article:

Choudhury, D. and Bulbul, K. H. 2020. Evaluation of Anthelmintic Resistance of Benzimidazole and Levamisole on Gastrointestinal Nematode Parasites of Cattle.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(8): 437-442. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.908.051