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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(8): 291-298
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.908.034


Prevalence and Risk Factors of Trypanosoma evansi Infection and Classification of Vectors in Camels in Tamboul localty, Sudan
Mohammed, Ali M. Osman1, Altraifi, F. Gissmala2, Juma, Y2, Fangama, M.I.M.3,Mohammed, A. Abdalla1 and Siham, E. Suliman1
1Sudan University of Science and Technology College of Graduate Studies,
Khartoum, Sudan
2Al- Gazira College of Veterinary Medicine – Animal Researches Resources Corporation
3Ministry of Health, Qatar Public Health Department
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Surra, a vector borne disease caused by Trypanosoma evansi, is considered as a major enzootic disease mainly for the dromedary camel. Therefore, a cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence of camel trypanosomasis and to assess the distribution and dynamics of the vectors responsible for transmission of the disease in camels in Tamboul market, Gezira state, Sudan from December 2018 to November 2019. A total of 213 blood samples were collected and thin blood smears stained by Giemsa and the Buffy coat (Haematocrit Centrifugation technique (HCT)) were used to detect the parasite. Questionnaire was designed and include age, sex, breed, body condition and seasons of animals The positives rate was 11 (5.2)% in both method. This study demonstrated that there is no difference between the thin smear and the buffy coat by using Roc curve test in diagnosing this parasite. The study revealed that there was no relationship between the disease and all risk factors (p ≤ 0.05). Concerning density of tabanus flies , NZI traps were used for collection of the flies through the year to identify the type of flies in this area, where 181 flies were collected, 75 Tabanid agrestis, 74 Tabanus sufis and 32 Tabanus teaniola . The largest number of Tabanus sufis (30%) was captured in April, followed by the Tabanus agrestis (22.6%) in October and Tabanus taeniola (21.8%) in November. Diagnosis of trypanosomasis of camels by microscopic examination and haematocrit centrifugation are ease test and quick methods for detection of the parasite and identification of the vectors of importance because the disease leading to much greater loss amongst health and productivity.


Keywords: Trypanosoma evansi, Camel, Trypanosomiasis, Giemsa stain
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How to cite this article:

Mohammed, Ali M. Osman, Altraifi, F. Gissmala, Juma, Y, Fangama, M.I.M., Mohammed, A. Abdalla and Siham, E. Suliman. 2020. Prevalence and Risk Factors of Trypanosoma evansi Infection and Classification of Vectors in Camels in Tamboul localty, Sudan.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(8): 291-298. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.908.034