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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(7): 3440-3447
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.907.402


Assessment of Adequacy of Macro and Micro Mineral Content of Feedstuffs for Dairy Animals in Karnal District of Haryana, India
S. Usha1* and T.K. Mohanty2
1Department of Livestock Production Management, Madras Veterinary College, Chennai, India
2ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, Haryana, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The study was conducted at Cattle Yard of Livestock Farm located at National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal. There are four major seasons in the year viz. rainy, autumn, winter and summer. The fodders and feed fed to Karen fries cattle are collected in all seasons. Four samples of each fodder (green and dry) and concentrates mentioned above were collected in each month (one sample per week) in the respective season. Concentrations of calcium, phosphorus, zinc, copper and manganese were determined. The Ca level in green fodders was no significant (P<0.05) difference among the season. Phosphorus level was observed higher in winter (0.35%); however, there was significant difference (P<0.05) among the season. There is no significant difference in other trace minerals Zn. Cu and Mn respectively among the season. In dry roughages higher level of calcium was observed in summer season (0.47%) and there was no significant difference among the season. Phosphorus level was higher in summer (0.42%) lower in rainy (0.27%) and significant difference (P<0.05) in summer and rainy and autumn season. Trace minerals zinc, copper and manganese were no significant difference among the season. In concentrates both macro (Ca and P) and trace minerals (Zn, Cu and Mn) among the four season no significant difference observed. It may be concluded that P, Zn and Mn need supplementation for balancing the total ration feed in different season to optimize productivity in dairy animals. This study results suggest that mineral contents of common feeds and fodders under existing feeding practices have to be evaluated regularly to identify the deficiency and development of supplementation strategies necessary to optimize productivity of animals.


Keywords: Green fodders, Roughages, Concentrates, Season, Minerals, Karen fries cattle
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How to cite this article:

Usha, S. and Mohanty, T.K. 2020. Assessment of Adequacy of Macro and Micro Mineral Content of Feedstuffs for Dairy Animals in Karnal District of Haryana, India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(7): 3440-3447. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.907.402