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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(7): 2488-2498
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.907.292


Adulteration and Bacterial Contamination of Locally Processed Honeys Marketed at Lafia Metropolis, Nasarawa State, Nigeria
Y. Ya’aba*, 1, 2, U. S. Okposhi2, D. D. Odonye2 and A. S. Ramalan2 
1Department of Microbiology and Biotechnology, National Institute for Pharmaceutical Research and Development (NIPRD) Abuja, Nigeria
2Department of Microbiology, Federal University of Lafia, Nasarawa State, Nigeria
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Honey is used for nutritional, medicinal and industrial purposes. The bacterial quality of honey from different retail outlets in Lafia metropolis was evaluated using standard microbiological techniques. Twenty-four honey samples were purchased, labeled and total anaerobic bacterial count determined. The samples presented different level of bacteriological contamination. The total anaerobic bacterial count for the samples ranged from 3.3x102 to 1.3x103 cfu/mL. Bacteria isolated from the honey samples included Bacillus sp., Staphylococcus sp., Micrococcus sp., Streptococcus sp., and Escherichia sp. The most predominate (47.83%) bacteria isolated were Bacillus sp. There was no noticeable coliform and Salmonella sp. growths in the 24 samples purchased. The variation in bacteria load and species at the various retail outlets and absence of bacteria growth in two retail outlets (H12 and H20) is an indication of the processing practice, totally free of any form of adulteration and as well as good hygienic condition at these outlets. However, the presence of these bacteria species in some samples might be attributed to some level of adulteration or poor handling at harvesting, packaging or storage. Therefore, may be cause for concern as these pathogenic strains of the microbes can be of serious public healthcare challenge.


Keywords: Honey, Bacterial quality, Retail outlets, Microbiological techniques, Lafia metropolis, Bacillus sp.
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How to cite this article:

Ya’aba, Y., U. S. Okposhi, D. D. Odonye and Ramalan, A. S. 2020. Adulteration and Bacterial Contamination of Locally Processed Honeys Marketed at Lafia Metropolis, Nasarawa State, Nigeria.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(7): 2488-2498. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.907.292