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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020]For more details click here

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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(7): 2176-2190
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.907.254


Plant Propagation through Tissue Culture – A Biotechnological Intervention
Sameena Maqbool Lone*, K. Hussain, Ajaz Malik, Mudasir Magray, Syed Mazahir Hussain, Majid Rashid and Syeda Farwah
Division of Vegetable Science, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agriculture, Science and Technology, Kashmir, 190 025, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Plant genetic transformation has become an important biotechnological tool for the improvement of many crops. A solid foundation for the fast development and implementation of biotechnology in agriculture has been provided by achievements in plant tissue culture. Plant tissue culture represents the most promising areas of application at present time and giving an out look into the future. The areas range from micropropagation of ornamental and forest trees, production of pharmaceutically interesting compounds, and plant breeding for improved nutritional value of staple crop plants, including trees to cryopreservation of valuable germplasm. It has broad applications in several areas but it is rather broadly used to include several variations, such as meristem culture for propagation of virus-free plants, protoplast culture and somatic cell hybridization for the introduction of new characteristics (salt tolerance, disease resistance, enhanced crop yield, etc.) into key species, anther/ pollen culture and ovule culture for producing haploid plants and embryo culture for embryo rescue in distant crosses. It also enables to select desirable traits directly from the culture setup, thereby decreasing the amount of space required for field trials. For species that have long generation time, or seeds that don’t readily germinate, rapid propagation is possible by this method. A number of medicinally important alkaloids, anticancer drugs, recombinant proteins and food additives are produced in various cultures of plant cell and tissues. Thus, tissue culture is one of the most important part of applied biotechnology.


Keywords: Genetic Transformation; Somatic Cell Hybridization; Biotechnological application; Plant Tissue Culture; In vitro
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How to cite this article:

Sameena Maqbool Lone, K. Hussain, Ajaz Malik, Mudasir Magray, Syed Mazahir Hussain, Majid Rashid and Syeda Farwah. 2020. Plant Propagation Through Tissue Culture – A Biotechnological InterventionInt.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(7): 2176-2190. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.907.254