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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(7): 1971-1976
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.907.225


Breeding Management Practices and Reproductive Parameters of Ponies Reared by Bakarwal Population of Jammu and Kashmir
Nazish Rizwan Kirmani*, M. T. Banday and M. A. Pal
Division of Livestock Production and Management, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry, Shuhama-190006, Sher–e-Kashmir University of Agricultural sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Srinagar (J&K), India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Bakarwals, forming the socio economically backward section of Jammu and Kashmir, rear equine species such as ponies apart from sheep and goat for their livelihood. The lack of education and awareness among this section of society has led to poor understanding of managemental practices, healthcare etc. The literature available about reproductive characteristics and breeding management practices of these indigenous ponies of Jammu and Kashmir is not significant and hence this study was undertaken to acquire reliable, well documented information about the reproductive characteristics and breeding practices. To achieve the said objective a survey was conducted in Pahalgam and Sonmarg region of Kashmir, where a total of 200 respondents were randomly selected. The significant results were obtained from the data collected by using statistical tools. Natural breeding was found to be the only method of breeding practiced and quality of horse used for breeding was non-descriptive. The data also revealed that Heat detection and pregnancy diagnosis were not done. Moreover it was noted that only 26.31% of the respondents opted for treatment of anestrus/repeaters. The average age at first estrus, oestrous cycle duration, estrus duration, age at first foaling, foaling interval and gestation period was found to be 18.68 months, 21.84days, 165.89 hours, 37.63 months, 13.89months and 337 days respectively.


Keywords: Bakarwals, Breeding, Estrous, Mare, Reproduction
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How to cite this article:

Nazish Rizwan Kirmani, M. T. Banday and Pal, M. A. 2020. Breeding Management Practices and Reproductive Parameters of Ponies Reared by Bakarwal Population of Jammu and Kashmir.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(7): 1971-1976. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.907.225