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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(7): 1950-1955
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.907.222


Integrated Strategy for Management of Stem and Root Rot Disease of Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) caused by Macrophomina phaseolina (Tassi) Goid in Odisha
B. K. Pani1*, B. C. Dhir1, D. Panigrahi2 and D. R. Mishra1
1All India Coordinated Research Project on Sesame, Regional Research and Technology Transfer Station, Mahisapat, Dhenkanal-759013, Odisha, India
2Regional Research and Technology Transfer Station, Mahisapat, Dhenkanal-759013, Odisha, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

An experiment was conducted to manage the stem and root rot disease of sesame incited by Macrophomina phaseiolina by a combination of new generation fungicides and biocontrol agents. Seven chemicals and a bio-agent, Pseudomonas fluorescens were tested separately in combinations with seed and soil treatments of Trichoderma viride vis-a-vis untreated control. Seed treatment with Trichoderma viride @ 10g/kg +furrow application of T. viride (2.5 kg enriched in 250 kg FYM /ha combined with foliar application of azoxystrobin @ 1ml/l at 45 DAS and 60 DAS was found to be significantly effective in sustaining minimum disease incidence (5.25 %), maximum yield (431.55 kg/ha, 45.05 % increase over control) and highest B:C ratio (1.54). It was followed by seed treatment and furrow application of Trichoderma combined with chemical sprays of carbendazim + mancozeb @ 2.5g/l (6.77 % disease incidence, 417.85 kg/ha of yield, 40.45 % increase in yield over control, B:C ratio of 1.40). All treatments significantly minimized infection and sustained higher seed yield compared to untreated control. Highest incidence (16.21 %) and minimum yield (297.50 kg/ha) were recorded in the untreated crop. Spraying with chemical fungicides was found more effective vis-a-vis bio-control agent, Pseudomonas fluorescens, in managing the disease.


Keywords: Stem and root rot disease, Sesame, Macrophomina phaseolina
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How to cite this article:

Pani, B. K., B. C. Dhir, D. Panigrahi and Mishra, D. R. 2020. Integrated Strategy for Management of Stem and Root Rot Disease of Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) caused by Macrophomina phaseolina (Tassi) Goid in Odisha.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(7): 1950-1955. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.907.222