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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(7): 1100-1111
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.907.129


Polypropylene Fabric Ground Cover Effects on Weed Control and Profit in Elephant Foot Yam Cultivation
Maniyam Nedunchezhiyan1*, Biswanath Sahoo2, Kalidas Pati3, Vijay Bahadur Singh Chauhan3, Venkatraman Bansode3, J. Suresh Kumar3, Suchismita Tripathy4, Kishore Sahoo5, Kumari Sunita6, Madhuri Toppo7 and Rituparna Munshi8
1Regional Centre of Indian Council of Agricultural Research-Central Tuber Crops Research Institute, Bhubaneswar-751019, Odisha, India
2Krishi Vigyan Kendra (OUAT), Badrak-756111, Odisha, India
3Indian Council of Agricultural Research-Central Tuber Crops Research Institute, Thiruvananthapuram-695017, Kerala, India
4Dept. of Agronomy, OUAT, Bhubaneswar-751003
5Agronomist, OFR, RRTTS, Keonjhar-758002
6Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Madhopur, West Champaran-845454
7Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Jharsuguda – 768212, Odisha
8Department of Horticulture, Institute of Agricultural Science, Ballygunge- 700019, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Elephant foot yam [Amorphophallus paeoniifolius (Dennst.) Nicolson] competes with weeds throughout its growing period owing to its canopy orientation and wider spacing. Manual weeding is the most popular weed control method adopted in elephant foot yam irrespective of drudgery and labourious. A field experiment was conducted for two consecutive years (2016 and 2017) at the Regional Centre of Indian Council of Agricultural Research-Central Tuber Crops Research Institute, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India to study the effects of polypropylene fabric ground cover (PFGC) on weed control in elephant foot yam. The treatment PFGC resulted in greater corm yield (34.2 tha-1)which was 253%higher over the weedy check, and 2.4 and 7.2% higher over 4 manual weedings at 30, 60, 90 and 120 days after planting (DAP) (33.4 tha-1) and 2 manual weedings at 30 and 60 DAP along with post-emergence application of glyphosate at 90 DAP (31.9 tha-1), respectively. The treatment PFGC resulted in greater gross income (Rs 513000 ha-1) and profit (Rs287500 ha-1) compared to other treatments. Use of PFGC resulted in greater populations of fungi, bacteria and actinomycetes, and enzymes of dehydrogenase, fluorescein diacetate, acid and alkaline phosphatase activities in post harvest soil than initial value that indicated the treatment PFGC could be a good weed control option in elephant foot yam.


Keywords: Corm yield, Gross income, Soil microbes, Weed biomass, Weed control efficiency
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How to cite this article:

Maniyam Nedunchezhiyan, Biswanath Sahoo, Kalidas Pati, Vijay Bahadur Singh Chauhan,Venkatraman Bansode, J. Suresh Kumar, Suchismita Tripathy, Kishore Sahoo, Kumari Sunita, Madhuri Toppo and Rituparna Munshi. 2020. Polypropylene Fabric Ground Cover Effects on Weed Control and Profit in Elephant Foot Yam Cultivation.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(7): 1100-1111. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.907.129