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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(7): 901-911
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.907.105


Evaluation of Different Fungicides against Macrophomina phaseolina (Tassi) Goid. Causing Dry Root Rot of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) invitro
R. Lokesh*, K. B. Rakholiya and M. R. Thesiya
Department of Plant Pathology, N. M. College of Agriculture, Navsari Agricultural University, Navsari, Gujarat 396 450, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is one of the major legume pulse crops and it is majorly grown in India and other semi-arid regions of the world. Dry root rot of chickpea is the most destructive disease of chickpea. Therefore, in present studies fungicides (six systemic, seven non systemic and six ready mix fungicides) were tested in vitro at three different concentrations by poisoned food technique for evaluating their efficacy against M. phaseolina. Among systemic fungicides, significantly highest average mycelial growth inhibition was with carbendazim (85.88%), thiophanate methyl (84.32%) followed by hexaconazole (75.29%) was also considerably effective fungicide but tebuconazole (47.06%), azoxystrobin (36.08%), propiconazole (36.86%) proved comparatively less in their efficacy against M. phaseolina. Among non-systemic fungicides, significantly highest average mycelial growth inhibition over control was recorded in mancozeb (90.20%), followed by chlorothalonil (88.24%). The remaining fungicides viz., zineb (78.04%), thiram (76.47%), and propineb (49.41%), were moderately effective. While sulphur (23.53%) recorded least effective in growth inhibition as compared to other fungicides against M. phaseolina. Among ready mix fungicides, significantly highest per cent growth inhibition over control was recorded (88.24%) in carbendazim 12% + mancozeb 63% followed by carboxin 37.5% + thiram 37.5%, (83.14%). The remaining fungicides viz., pyraclostrobin 5% + mitiram 55% (70.59%), captan 70% + hexaconazole 5% (76.47%) and pyraclostrobin 5% + mitiram 55% (59.21%) were moderately effective. While pyraclostrobin 12.5% + epoxiconazole 4.7%, (38.82%) and hexaconazole 4% + zineb 68% (27.45%), recorded least effective in growth inhibition as compared to other fungicides against M. phaseolina.


Keywords: Chickpea, dry root rot, in vitro, Macrophomina phaseolina, per cent growth inhibition, fungicides
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How to cite this article:

Lokesh. R., K. B. Rakholiya and Thesiya. M. R. 2020. Evaluation of Different Fungicides against Macrophomina phaseolina (Tassi) Goid. Causing Dry Root Rot of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) invitro.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(7): 901-911. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.907.105