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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020]For more details click here

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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(7): 773-786
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.907.089


Urinary Tract Infections: A Comprehensive Review
M. Vishwanath Swamy1, Md Aqib Ali Faraz1, Sowjanya Mendem1*, Patil Shubhamand M. Vinyas2
1Department of Pharmacy practice,
2Department of Pharmacology, MNR College of Pharmacy, Sangareddy, Telangana, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are among the commonly acquired diseases in women and account for about 150 million visits annually, worldwide. These infections can be caused by several Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria; some of them are Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Citrobacter spp., Proteus mirabilis, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Among Gram-positive bacteria, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus saprophyticus, Enterococcus species, and Serratia spp. are common and cause infections by colonizing the genitourinary tract. UTIs can be generally classified into uncomplicated and complicated infections, with the complicating infections involving the bladder, kidney, obstruction of the urinary tract, immunosuppression, etc. Uncomplicated infections present with symptoms like burning micturition, fever, flank pain, and, nausea. Risk factors for UTIs include diabetes, old age, malnutrition, immunosuppression, and, pregnancy. Diagnosis can be performed with microscopic urinalysis, dipstick analysis, and biochemical tests; however, the culture of the sample is considered to be the gold standard in the confirmation of infection. Antibiotic therapy is required in the treatment of symptomatic bacteriuria. The choice of antibiotics should be based on the culture and sensitivity profile of the organism.


Keywords: Urinary tract infections, Classification, Catheter, Recurrent UTIs, Bacteriruria
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How to cite this article:

Vishwanath Swam. M., Md Aqib Ali Faraz, Sowjanya Mendem, Patil Shubham and Vinyas. M. 2020. Urinary Tract Infections: A Comprehensive Review.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(7): 773-786. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.907.089